Even among fundamentalist Baptists, some fundamentalists are more separatist than others. The following article about John R. Rice 1) lists many “big names” among fundamentalist Baptists, and 2) explains their varying degrees of separation.
Note – although I would consider myself among the extreme separatists, I also love the gospel preaching of Rice and others who are not as separatist…
Following is the Wikipedia excerpt:
John R. Rice
(Wikipedia article, may not be accurate)
Separation from separationists
In 1959, Rice and Bob Jones, Sr. held a series of one-day rallies in different parts of the country in an attempt to explain the separationist position to the wavering, and Jones urged that the Sword [of the Lord] be made “the official organ” of separatist fundamentalism. Meanwhile, Rice made new, younger, friends. One was Jack Hyles, who in 1959 had become the pastor of First Baptist Church of Hammond, Indiana; another was Curtis Hutson, who eventually became Rice’s successor. A third was Jerry Falwell, pastor of Thomas Road Baptist Church in Lynchburg, Virginia. (24)
In 1971, Rice planned a “great world conference on evangelism” that would bring together the various strands of fundamentalism. (25) But Bob Jones Sr. had died three years earlier, and his son and successor, Bob Jones Jr., objected to the inclusion in the conference program of two Southern Baptists, W. A. Criswell and R. G. Lee, whom Jones considered “compromisers and traitors to the cause of Scriptural evangelism.” (26) (It did not help that shortly before Jones Sr.’s death, Criswell had referred to him as “a senile old fool.”) (27) Jones also opposed Rice’s insistence that there be no criticism of Billy Graham (and presumably, Neo-Evangelicalism) at the conference. (28) Rice argued that his position on separation was the same as that held by Bob Jones Sr. and that there was “nobody living in this world who was more intimately acquainted” with the late evangelist. (29) Not surprisingly, Jones Jr. disagreed, and he and Rice engaged in an exchange of views about separation–Rice in The Sword of the Lord, Jones in a pamphlet, “Facts John R. Rice Will Not Face.” To Rice the importance of soulwinning trumped what he considered minor disagreements among Christians about biblical separation.
The upshot was that Rice’s planned conference was postponed and then canceled. In November 1971, Bob Jones Jr. and Bob Jones III were dropped from the cooperating board of The Sword [of the Lord] to be replaced by Jerry Falwell and Curtis Hutson. (30) In 1976, Jones, Ian Paisley, and Wayne Van Gelderen organized their own “World Congress of Fundamentalists” in Edinburgh [I located this history of the World Congress of Fundamentalists]. Unlike the split with Billy Graham, however, Rice’s refusal to agree with separationist fundamentalists like Bob Jones Jr. and Ian Paisley only enhanced the growth of The Sword [of the Lord]. By the mid-1960s, the paper had more than recovered its losses after Rice’s criticism of Billy Graham; in 1974, circulation of The Sword of the Lord was over 300,000. (31) Rice had been a major participant in shaping the two most important divisions of late twentieth-century fundamentalism, the split between fundamentalists and Neo-Evangelicals and then the creation of two fundamentalist factions: Rice’s more sentimental and irenic; Jones’s more academic, doctrinal, and confrontational.
24. Howard Edgar Moore, “The Emergence of Moderate Fundamentalism: John R. Rice and ‘The Sword of the Lord,'” Ph.D. dissertation, George Washington University, 1990, 294, 304-06
25. An advertisement in The Sword said that its purposes were to “stir revival fires…[and]promote the fellowship without compromise of fundamental churches, pastors, and people in soulwinning.” The Sword of the Lord (June 18, 1971), 4.
26. Jones to Rice, September 16 1971, in Moore, 322-323
27. Bob Jones, Cornbread and Caviar: Reminiscences and Reflections (Greenville, SC: Bob Jones University Press, 1985), 169
28. Moore, 326.
29. Moore, 336.
30. Moore, 329.
31. Viola Walden, John R. Rice: The Captain of Our Team(Murfreesboro,TN: Sword of the Lord Publishers, 1990), 527.