Posts Tagged ‘Dominionism’

In other blogs (for example, here, here, and here), I have written about the incredulous shift among many evangelicals from premillenialism to postmillenialism. There are several “streams” of postmillenialism. A few are 1) dominionist Reconstructionism, 2) dominionist Kingdom Now, and 3) Emerging/ Emergent “postmillenialism.” All streams of postmillenialism are merging as we head towards the One World Religion of the Antichrist.

I came across this excellent article by Sarah H. Leslie, which among other things discusses Emerging/Emergent eschatology. Berit Kjos has reposted this article on her website here. I have reposted the entire article below:

Part 5: The Emerging Church – Circa 1970   (See Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 6 )

Emerging Towards Convergence

By Sarah H. Leslie

http://herescope.blogspot.com  –  August 3, 2009

Index to articles

by Discernment Group


“After emergence comes emersion.”

—Teilhard de Chardin, The Phenomenon of Man (Harper, 1965), p. 309.

The Emergent/Emerging Church movement is heading towards a crash collision with the New Age movement. In fact, it may already be happening before our very eyes. The Discernment Research Group has reached the inescapable conclusion that this is intentional and it has been planned for over a generation.

In brief, there has been a crossover of personnel, organizations, doctrines, methods, and agendas going back at least 40-50 years. Constance Cumbey, who first exposed the New Age movement and its Theosophical roots in her groundbreaking book The Hidden Dangers of the Rainbow, has been writing a series of reports on the earliest examples of this crossover for her blog and her NewsWithViews.com column. Through our own research we have discovered that there was an earlier Emerging Church movement, which was initiated in the late 1960s and early 1970s, which bears remarkable resemblance, crossover and correlation to its newer counterpart. This early history is currently being recounted in an ongoing series of posts on the Herescope blog.[1]

We know that the current Emergent Church is a marketing phenomenon, set up as an official movement by Bob Buford’s Leadership Network, a historical fact which we documented in a series of Herescope posts in 2005 and 2006.[2] From its very inception in the 1980s Leadership Network imported a number of leading New Age business “gurus” as “experts” – holding nebulous (if any!) Christian credentials. They trained an entire generation of evangelical “leaders” on the latest tactics of psycho-social change theory, substituting it for genuine Holy Spirit revival. These business “gurus,” some of whom had open New Age beliefs, included such notables as Margaret Wheatley, Peter Drucker, Jim Collins, and Ken Blanchard. Many spoke at a 2000 Leadership Network conference “Exploring Off the Map” which launched the Emergent Church movement.[3]

From our research we also know that the Emergent Church was set up to be a vanguard, a forerunner, to propel the postmodern evangelical church towards a paradigm shift in theology, structure, methodology, and purpose. As such, it has been rushing headlong towards an open convergence with the New Age movement. Emergent leader Phyllis Tickle has termed this “The Great Emergence,” which is the title of her 2008 book announcing the “birthing” of a “brand-new expression of… faith and praxis” (p. 17) which will ultimately “rewrite Christian theology” (p. 162).

Important details about both the history and theology of the modern Emergent movement can be found in Pastor Bob DeWaay’s recently published book The Emergent Church: Undefining Christianity (2009). This book summarizes the basic doctrines and practices of the movement, and gives an account of a few key leaders.

Emergent Eschatology

Pastor DeWaay recognizes the defining issue for the Emergent movement as eschatology:

While Emergent Church leaders differ on nearly every Christian doctrine, one belief they hold in common—the one that unifies their movement—is their eschatology. Emergent theologians and church leaders reject God’s final judgment in favor of His saving of all humanity and creation into a tangible paradise in which all will participate. (p. 13)

This view of eschatology is also a key doctrine of Dominionism, and is therefore linked to the concept of “building the kingdom of God on earth.” This eschatological worldview proclaims that there isn’t going to be a Judgment Day, and teaches that man can facilitate the return to pre-Fall paradise conditions on Earth. This view of the future subliminates the Cross, ignores scriptural prophecies about the endtimes, and positions man into godlike status as a “co-creator.” Obviously, in such an eschatological scenario there is no Heaven nor Hell.

The Emergent paradigm shift is already happening. This eschatological worldview is now becoming widespread and is subtly being incorporated into most major “mainstream” evangelical ministries, missions, and organizations. A few examples we have noted on the Herescope blog include N.T. Wright,[4] the Lausanne movement,[5] Ralph Winter,[6] Transform World,[7] Dutch Sheets and Bill Hamon,[8] and many Latter Rain leaders.[9] Exemplifying this shift, a recent article in a publication called ConvergePoint, put out by the Baptist General Conference, describes this group’s transformation initiative in these terms, “My personal joy was compounded culturally by the fact that the word converge happens to appear in the Portuguese Bible in Ephesians 1:10: ‘…to make all things converge together in Christ, things in heaven and earth.’”[10]

This eschatological worldview has serious ramifications for all of Christian theology. DeWaay explains:

…[T]he possibility of future judgment and punishment of those who do not believe in Christ’s death on the cross and His shedding of blood to avert God’s wrath against sin is either denied or not discussed in Emergent/postmodern theology. (p. 149)

Theology of Hope?

Pastor DeWaay identifies Jürgen Moltmann’s book, Theology of Hope, first published in 1964, as a seminal document forming a foundation for the Emergent Church movement’s revisionist, evolutionary eschatology. Moltmann was influenced by Marxism and the philosophies of Georg W.F. Hegel. Moltmann’s eschatological “hope” is “headed toward the kingdom of God on earth with universal participation” (p. 23). DeWaay explains that “Emergent/postmodern theology is based on the Hegelian idea that contradictions synthesize into better future realities…. Moltmann took Hegel’s ideas and created a Christian alternative to Marxism (which is also based on Hegel’s philosophy) that he called a ‘theology of hope’” (p. 30). Emergent church leaders who hearken back to Moltmann include Brian McLaren, Doug Pagitt, Stanley Grenz and many others.

DeWaay makes the case that, according to the “theology of hope” promulgated by Moltmann and his Emergent disciples, “the truth will only be known with certainty in the future” (p. 39) Therefore, this uncertainty results in the corollary heresies that “God is re-creating the world now with our help” and “the world has a universally bright future with no pending, cataclysmic judgment” (p. 40).

Evolutionary Eschatology

The root theology undergirding all Emergent eschatology is evolution. A generation ago, certain Christian leaders took the ideas of Moltmann and began to fill in the outlines for his “theology of hope.” They also got their ideas from a group of so-called “secular” futurists, who happened to hold a Teilhardian evolutionary worldview.[11] Today we might classify these futurists as New Agers.

Modern Emergents hold a remarkably similar worldview to these early futurists. Phyllis Tickle, in her book The Great Emergence, writes approvingly of Darwin’s evolution theory, saying that it was “the tipping point that sent us careening off into new cultural, social, political, and theological territory” (p. 64).

While researching the early Emerging Church movement we came across a seminary theologian, Kenneth Cauthen, who wrote a book in 1971 entitled Christian Biopolitics: A Credo & Strategy for the Future (Abdingdon Press). It was the premise of Cauthen’s book that Jürgen Moltmann didn’t go far enough; that his “theology of hope” was incomplete because it was focused “too exclusively in the context of society and history and has neglected the natural and cosmic setting of the human enterprise” (p. 102). Cauthen proposed a “Christian biopolitics” – an “ecological principle” that would connect nature and society so that Moltmann’s “theology of hope” could become “cosmic.” He called for the “recognition of the centrality of an evolutionary perspective” (p. 109). We don’t know the full extent of Cauthen’s influence upon postmodern evangelicals, but the theological changes he anticipated bear remarkable resemblance to Emergent thought and practice today.

As a member of the World Future Society, a group formed in 1966 with strong ties to the New Age Theosophists, Cauthen articulated an “ecological model for politics and theology” (p. 106) that would facilitate a “transition” leading to global “transformation.” He proposed that “we take the New Testament conception of the consummated Kingdom of God as a symbol of the transcendent goal of history” (p. 131), a theology which would eliminate a future of either Heaven and Hell. And he suggested that “man is indeed becoming like a god…that science and technology are putting power into the hands of human beings that have traditionally been reserved for the gods” (p. 140). He summarized his views as follows:

The message of the church during this period of world transition should be framed in utopian-eschatological terms, stressing the power and purpose of the Divine Spirit to bring all men into the ecstatic joy of a New Age, while the ministry of the church is basically to create a community of persons who can cause, celebrate, and cope with the changes that are required to bring humanity into the promise of the planetary society. (p. 124)

Cauthen was not happy with Moltmann’s social gospel “theology of hope.” He said that was too connected to the here and now in building the kingdom of God on Earth. Cauthen proposed that Moltmann’s ideas needed a “cosmic” and “utopian” aspect that would give people a “magnificent vision of an ideal future” with a “new consciousness” that would prove to “be more sensuous, ecstatic, erotic, earthy, bodily oriented, festive, playful, feminine, idealistic, utopian, mystical, sacramental, hedonistic—in sum, a quest for joy in the wholeness of body and spirit” (p. 150). Amazingly, this is a pretty accurate picture of the modern Emergent Church’s quest for a better future.

To be continued….

The Truth:

“Who is there among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.” (Isaiah 50:10)

*Part 5 is excerpted from the Discernment Newsletter, July/August 2009 (Vol. 20, No. 4). Herescope will post the entire article as a series this week. The Herescope version will include additional documentation in the form of links added to the text and its quotations.

1. See these Herescope posts:
http://herescope.blogspot.com/2009/05/emerging-church-circa-1970.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2009/05/early-experiential-emergents.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2009/06/retro-emergent.html &
2. It is because of the documentation you will find in these posts that we can freely interchange the term Emergent and Emerging when discussing this movement: http://herescope.blogspot.com/2005/11/marketing-emergent.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2005/11/how-leadership-network-created.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2006/01/leadership-network-spawns-emergent.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2006/01/leadership-network-and-terra-nova.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2006/01/how-leadership-network-established.html
3. See http://herescope.blogspot.com/2005/10/christian-leaders-go-on-expedition.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2008/05/earth-old-story-new-story.html & http://www.leadnet.org/epubarchive.asp?id=30&db=archive_explorer & http://www.leadnet.org/epubarchive.asp?id=33&db=archive_explorer & http://www.leadnet.org/epubarchive.asp?id=84&db=archive_explorer
& https://www.leadnet.org/libarchive.asp?id=110&db=archive_champsupdate
4. “Heaven Is Not Our Home: The bodily resurrection is the good news of the gospel—and thus our social and political mandate,” N. T. Wright, Christianity Today, 3/24/08, http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2008/april/13.36.html See also: http://herescope.blogspot.com/2008/02/creating-heaven-on-earth.html which discusses this article.
5. Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, Lausanne Occasional Paper No. 30: “Globalization and the Gospel: Rethinking Mission in the Contemporary World, 2004, http://www.lausanne.org/documents/2004forum/LOP30_IG1.pdf, states: “Gospel, or euvangelion, is understood in its fullest sense as the “good news” that Jesus Christ, the King of Heaven, has come, not only to save individuals from hell, but to restore his kingdom • which is nothing short of the entire world and all of creation. As we shall see, “globalization” leads us to consider anew the words of the Lord’s Prayer: “Father, thy will be done on Earth as it is in Heaven.” The mission of the church, accordingly, is to be a living sign to the world that its King has indeed come to restore his kingdom. In the words of the New Testament scholar, N. T. Wright, we are to be for the world what Jesus was for Israel — and, we are able to carry out our mission because of what Jesus did for Israel and the world. Understood this way, we are to be the King’s heralds announcing throughout the cities and outposts of the kingdom the “good news” that he has come, he has defeated the rebellious powers of sin and death, and through the power of his Spirit, and he is working through the church to put his world to rights.”
6. See the articles with documentation at http://herescope.blogspot.com/2007/07/secret-mission.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2008/04/tinker-with-theology-tinker-with-man.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2008/02/creating-heaven-on-earth.html & http://herescope.blogspot.com/2007/07/cultural-mandate.html
7. See the article posted at http://herescope.blogspot.com/2007/07/redeeming-cultures.html where the Transform World Covenant states: “Scope of the Gospel: As Creator, God is Lord of all, and, therefore, his redemptive concern is comprehensive—seeking to heal and restore ‘all things’ by means of Christ’s atoning sacrifice on the cross (Gen. 1:31a; Rom. 8:18-23; Col. 1:19-20). The church’s calling is to witness to the kingdom of God in its fullness (Matt. 4:23; Mark 1:15; Luke 4:18-21). To be faithful to the gospel the ministry of the body of Christ must be holistic—encompassing the whole person—spiritual, physical, and social, and all human relationships—with God, with others, and with the environment (Gen. 1:26-28). Anything less than concern for all spheres of life is to misrepresent the all-encompassing Lordship of Jesus Christ over the world.”
8. See the article posted at http://herescope.blogspot.com/2007/07/cultural-mandate.html and note that C. Peter Wagner ties this to Dominionism. Also see http://herescope.blogspot.com/2007/07/proposing-new-theology.html and the accompanying quotations that connect this eschatological worldview with the Manifest Sons of God cult.
9. See this article and note the Hermeticism evident in the “as above, so below” feature of this eschatology of building heaven on earth: http://herescope.blogspot.com/2007/07/as-in-heaven-so-on-earth.html
10. “What does ‘Converge’ mean?” Jerry Sheveland, ConvergePoint, Vol. 1, No. 3, April-May 2009, p. 12.
11. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, the French Jesuit philosopher/priest, proposed that just as man had evolved from monkeys, there would be a new species of man that would EMERGE, which he called homo noeticus. His evolutionary beliefs form the foundation of the New Age movement. As nearly as we can tell, he was the first to use forms of the word “emerge” to describe the spiritual formation of this new species. Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teilhard) accurately summarizes his beliefs as follows: “In his posthumously published book, The Phenomenon of Man, Teilhard writes of the unfolding of the material cosmos, from primordial particles to the development of life, human beings and the noosphere, and finally to his vision of the Omega Point in the future, which is ‘pulling’ all creation towards it. He was a leading proponent of orthogenesis, the idea that evolution occurs in a directional, goal driven way. To Teilhard, evolution unfolded from cell to organism to planet to solar system and whole-universe (see Gaia theory). Such theories are generally termed teleological views of evolution. Teilhard attempts to make sense of the universe by its evolutionary process. He interprets mankind as the axis of evolution into higher consciousness, and postulates that a supreme consciousness, God, must be drawing the universe towards him.”

© 2009 by Discernment Group

Source article: http://herescope.blogspot.com/2009/07/emergence-towards-convergence.html

*  *  *

Index to other articles by Discernment Group  

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(revised 04/23/14)

I’ve been researching and blogging about postmillenial Dominionism lately, on several fronts – Emerging/Emergent (such as in the Church of the Nazarene denomination), and in the New Apostolic Reformation (NAR). Another “stream” of Dominionism I have not yet explored is Reconstructionism (promoted by Gary North, etc.).

I never dreamed we would see so many evangelicals move away from premillenialism (whether it be Pre, Mid or Post-Trib). Scary!! Apparently these straying evangelicals are ignoring the signs of the End Times that are increasing every day.

Another note – I’m finding a number of articles about Emergents, the NAR, etc. merging. They all are heading in the same direction – a postmillenial One World Religion.

I came across this excellent article by Sandy Simpson, exposing heretical postmillenial Dominionist theology. I have copied and pasted the entire article below. I have emphasized certain points by bolding, and inserted comments in [brackets]. Click here for the original posting of this article.

compiled by Sandy Simpson, 2/2/06

The Second Coming

The core doctrine of Jesus Christ’s second coming, as taught consistently in Scripture, is as follows:

“Jesus Christ is coming again bodily to earth to rule and judge.”

Other religions deny that Jesus Christ is coming bodily to earth to rule and judge. Cults deny this doctrine in other ways. This doctrine is also denied by believing in anything other than Pre-Trib, Pre-Wrath Rapture or Post-Trib coming of Christ. These doctrines all affirm that Jesus Christ is coming back bodily to rule and judge. They can be lumped together as Premillennial views. There are some doctrines being taught in the Third Wave that deny this doctrine. They are called Postmillennialism, Dominionism, and Amillennialism. [These heresies are spreading not only in the Third Wave of Pentecostalism; they are also being spread throughout evangelicalism by the postmodern (Emerging/Emergent/Emergence) movements. All these movements are merging together, heading towards a postmillenialism-based One World Religion that denies the soon physical return of Christ.]

Let’s define the different views quickly so you can see which ones affirm or deny this basic doctrine:

Pre-Tribulational Rapture: The pretrib view holds that the Church will be “raptured” before the entire seventieth week of Daniel. This is a prevalent view in countries that have never experienced widespread persecution, such as the United States. Jesus then comes back bodily at the end of the seventieth week of Daniel to rule and judge.

Mid-Tribulational Rapture: The Church will escape the last half of the seventieth week, also known as the Great Tribulation. Jesus then comes back bodily at the end of the Tribulation to rule and judge.

The basic aspects of the prewrath view are that the “rapture” is distinct from the “second coming” and the “rapture” will take place between the sixth and seventh seals. Jesus then comes back bodily at the end of the seventieth week of Daniel to rule and judge.

Post-Tribulational Second Coming: In most versions of postribulationism, the “rapture” and the “second coming” are at the same time. Post-Trib people do not consider themselves to be Pre-Wrath. Jesus Christ comes back for His elect, they meet Him in the air and He comes bodily to earth immediately to rule and reign.

Preterism: This view has several variations. It places many or all eschatological events in the past, especially during the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. (R.C. Sproul, The Last Days According to Jesus, p. 228) The extreme version of this view denies the need for Jesus to return bodily to rule and reign because He supposedly already did and the Church is Christ.  Often tied to Amillennialism.

Amillennialism: Amillennialism is the system of theology which does not include a future millennial reign of Christ on the earth. They believe that Jesus Christ is reigning today through His Church and that Satan is bound. Thus they deny the bodily return of Christ to rule and judge.

Postmillennialism/Dominionism: Postmillennialism and Dominionism are becoming hard to distinguish apart these days. They are fusing into one system of belief, especially popular in the Third Wave counterfeit revival. It is the belief that Christ will return after the Church has Christianized society, through a Christian force called “Joel’s Army”. He will not rapture His elect because they will be victorious here on earth. Jesus Christ does not come back bodily but returns “in His Church” and reigns on earth through His Church spiritually. Postmillennialism denies that Christ returns bodily to rule and judge.

There are other assorted views, but any view that denies that Jesus will return bodily to rule and judge is a false view, not a Christian view.

Christ is Returning!

The second coming of Christ is a cornerstone of Biblical doctrine. It is not possible to be considered orthodox and evangelical unless you believe Jesus is coming back bodily to rule and reign. Our Lord promised it, the apostles confirmed it, and the entire book of Revelation celebrates it. Below are just a few examples of the verses that establish this fact.

[I’m not sure what Bible version Sandy Simpson used in quoting these verses; in this reposting I plan to add the KJV text with each passage.]

John 14:1-3 “Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. In my Father’s house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am.”

Matthew 26:64 “Yes, it is as you say,” Jesus replied. “But I say to all of you: In the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.”

Luke 21:27 At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.

The return of Christ will be visible. He will not come in secret; He will not come “mystically,” or only to those with eyes to see Him. All humanity will witness His coming, and those who do not belong to Him will be terrified.

Acts 1:11 “Men of Galilee,” they said, “why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.

Matthew 24:29-30 “Immediately after the distress of those days “`the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.’ “At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn.

Rev 1:7 Look, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him; and all the peoples of the earth will mourn because of him. So shall it be! Amen.

The Second Coming of Christ will be Bodily. He will not come “spiritually,” He will not return “in His Body” the Church. He has a body now, a glorious body, witnessed by the apostle John (Rev 1:12-16), and when He comes in clouds of glory, it will be in that glorious body.

Philippians 3:21 who, by the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like his glorious body.

Zechariah 14:3 Then the LORD will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights in the day of battle. On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south.

He will come in Power and Glory–unlike His first coming, His true nature will not be concealed. He will come at the head of a heavenly army, as the conquering Sovereign that He is.

Titus 2:13 while we wait for the blessed hope– the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ

Matthew 24:30 They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory.

(Note: Thanks to Cross + Word Ministries for the basis for the second section of this document which has been updated and refined by Sandy Simpson.)

Ten Reasons To Reject Kingdom-Dominion Teachings

Kingdom-Dominion, or ‘Restoration’ theology has risen to popular acceptance in the last thirty years or so, gaining confidence and strength with time and developing its doctrine as it progressed. It is now the most powerful and influential movement in the Church, and attracts many Christians to its teachings and events, such are Transformations Hawaii. The majority of charismatic Christians have been influenced in one way and another by Restoration teachings. There are many streams within the Restoration Movement but their teachings are similar and we will consider them in general.

Restoration theology has been an integral part of the majority of ‘shepherding’ (discipling) fellowships and house churches, and is now a guiding force behind the New Apostolic Reformation, the Transformations Movement, the P.E.A.C.E. Plan and Purpose-Driven materials of Rick Warren, and the Word-Faith movement. It is also present in many mainstream Church denominations. However, there are problems with these doctrines which make them not a truly scriptural theology. The fact of its popularity is no proof of its authenticity – the truth is not always popular, and truly biblical Christianity has always been a minority religion.

[There are also other “streams” of Dominionism, such as the Emerging/Emergent/Emergence stream and the Reconstructionism stream. All these are merging, heading in the same direction – a postmillenial One World Religion. This article deals mainly with the “Third Wave” Pentecostal stream.]


To lend some proof that the most influential leaders in the New Apostolic churches of today are promoting Dominionism, I will present quotes from a number of sources, some perhaps shocking to some of you. (Emphasis in bold added by Sandy Simpson.)

[In reposting this section, I am rearranging the quoted individuals alphabetically.]

ERN BAXTER (associate of William Branham, a Latter Rain founder)

“God’s people are going to start to exercise rule, and they’re going to take dominion over the Power of Satan. They’re going to bring diabolical princes down. The dark powers that hover over the Parliament buildings of the nations are going to be paralyzed by the corporate prayer of an authoritative community. As the rod of His strength goes out of Zion, He’ll change legislation. He’ll chase the devil off the face of God’s earth, and God’s people together, doing the will of God, will bring about God’s purposes and God’s reign.” (Ern Baxier, National Men’s Shepherds Conference, Kansas City, Missouri, September, 1975)

CHUCK COLSON (Prison Fellowship/ECT [Evangelicals and Catholics Together])

“Redeeming culture is the never-ending mission of the church.” (Chuck Colson, Breakpoint, KLHT Radio, 1/2/05)“I was deepening my understanding of what we call the cultural commission, the command to the Church to take dominion and bring righteousness to our culture.
(Chuck Colson, God’s Inseparable Commissions, Prison Fellowship, 01/05/2005, http://www.pfm.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=PFM_Site&temnlate=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm&ContentlD= 15120)

“Today-some 30 years into my ministry-I have come to believe passionately that all Christians need to take their faith out of the pews and into the trenches. We’ve got to be faithful to the cultural commission to have dominion, to work for Christian values to arrest our worldview slide.
(Chuck Colson, Prison Ministry and Worldview: A Match Made in Heaven, Prison Fellowship, 08/29/2004, http://www.pfm.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=PFM_Site&template=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm&ContentlD=1 2515)

FRANCIS FRANGIPANE (Latter Rain/Associate of Rick Joyner/NAR)

“All spiritual warfare is waged over one essential question: who will control reality on earth – heaven or hell?  We must see that our prayers, attitudes and agreement with God as an integral part of establishing the reality of the kingdom of God on earth!” (Francis Frangipane, Mainstream. Spring 1994, p.10.)

KENNETH HAGIN (Word-Faith/deceased)

“Yes, sin, sickness and disease, spiritual death, poverty and everything else that’s of the devil once ruled us. But now, bless God, we rule them — for this is the Day of Dominion!” (Kenneth Hagin, “Rejoice! This Is the Day Which the Lord Hath Made!”, The Word of Faith, p.16, 7/96)

BILL HAMON (Latter Rain/Prophetic Movement/NAR)

“At that time the sons of God will be fully manifested on the earth. Widespread spiritual warfare will result with the Sons of God doing battle with Satan and company, the non-Christian nations of this world will also be defeated. Once the earth has been subdued. Jesus will come back to earth and be given the Kingdom that has been won for Him by this “manchild company.” (Bill Hamon, Prophets and the Prophetic Movement)

RICK JOYNER (Kansas City Prophets/Latter Rain/NAR)

“What is about to come upon the earth is not just a revival, or another awakening, it is a veritable revolution. The vision was given in order to begin to awaken those who are destined to radically change the course, and even the very definition of Christianity.” (Rick Joyner, The Harvest, “Joel’s Army.”)

JIM LAFFOON (Apostle of the NAR)

I’m utterly convinced, as I stand here tonight, that God has raised up this family in the earth to reach “every nation in our generation.” But the ultimate purpose of God is not for us to reach every nation, it is to raise up a generation long after my generation is gone who because they have reached nations can begin to rule nations! … As I look at this nation, as I look at the nations of the world, I’m here to tell you, that before we’re done, we’ll not merely plant a church in every one of the world’s nations, we will study, analyze, and penetrate the cultures that control her. … Before I die, I expect to see an incredible apostolic center in every nation in the earth. Before my children die, I expect they’ll begin to see every culture in those nations begin to change…. We’re raising up a generation of children who I believe if my generation is faithful to reach nations, the next generation can begin to rule nations. It is my passion. (Jim Laffoon (with Rice Broocks), “To Reach and To Rule”, Morning Star Jnternational, Every Nation Churches and Ministries, 2004 World Conference: Every Leader – Every Church – Every Nation, July 15, 2004)

GARY NORTH (Christian Reconstructionist/Reformed Theology)

“Gary North, one of the movement’s most vocal proponents, defines Reconstruction in this way: ‘A recently articulated philosophy which argues that it is the moral obligation of Christians to recapture every institution for Jesus Christ.’ (http://www. libertymagazine.org/article/articleview/243/1/31)

EARL PAULK (Manifest Sons of God/Dominionist, recently involved in a sex scandal)[Now deceasedIn the 1980s Paulk led the way in merging Word of Faith teachings with Dominionism.]

“Christ in us must take dominion over the earth…. The next move of God cannot occur until Christ in us takes dominion. (Earl Paulk, Held in the Heavens Until… 1985, p. 234)“The Church has been foreordained of God to become that people who will become so glorified that we can bring Christ back to the earth. This glorified church must make the earth God’s footstool before Jesus can come again.” (From The Wounded Body of Christ. Earl Paulk, quoted in Jewel Van der Merwe’s book Joel’s Army).

FRED PRICE (Word-Faith)

“But God has to be given permission to work in this earth realm on behalf of man. You are in control! So if man has control, who no longer has it? God.  When God gave Adam dominion, that meant God no longer had dominion. So God cannot do anything in this earth unless we let Him. And the way we let Him or give Him permission is through prayer.” (Fred Price, “Prayer: Do You Know What Prayer Is.. .and How to Pray?”, The Word Study Bible, 1990. p. 1178)

VINSON SYNAN (Reconstructionist/Reformed)

“In all revolutions there are noisy and dangerous times as the OLD ORDER is replaced by the new… after the dust settles, WE CAN PROCEED TO BUILD the beautiful kingdom that the Lord has purposed from the foundations of the World” – (Vinson Synan, Fullness, Jan. – Feb. 1990, p.24.)

TOMMY TENNEY (Former UPC/Antitrinitarian/NAR)

“God literally moves His throne from heaven. When this happens the church is building a chair, a seat, a place for God to come. When is the church going to arise and build a mercy seat according to the pattern of heaven? And He will literally set up His throne, and you will have a throne zone in the midst of the church and some group somewhere is going to build a seat for the glory of God, and the water that flows from that place will eventually cover the earth. The next wave of revival is not going to be like anything that you have ever seen. There will be nothing of man on it or God won’t come to sit. He is tired of breaking chairs that we have built for Him. He is demanding now that we build a mercy seat.” (Tommy Tenny, Rivermail Archives: Mar.-Apr. 1999, The Glory of God)

C. PETER WAGNER (Head apostle of the NAR)

“The cultural mandate, which some refer to as Christian social responsibility goes as far back as the Garden of Eden.
After God created Adam and Eve, He said to them: “Be fruitful and multiply, fill the earth and subdue it, have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing… Both the cultural mandate and the evangelistic mandate are essential parts of biblical mission, in my opinion. Neither is optional. There is a growing consensus on this point in Evangelical circles. This was not true as early as twenty-two years ago when the Berlin World Congress on Evangelism was held in 1966. One of the first Evangelicals to stress the cultural mandate in a public forum was Horace Fenton of the Latin America Mission at the Wheaton Congress on the Church’s Worldwide Mission, also held in 1966. Following that, the social consciousness generated by the social upheavals of the 1960’s brought the cultural mandate to prominence until it was given a relatively high profile on the platform of the International Congress on World Evangelization at Lausanne in 1974.” (C. Peter Wagner, “On the Cutting Edge of Mission Strategy,” Perspectives on the World Christian Movement, A Reader, Revised Edition (Pasadena: William Carey Library, 1981,1992), pp. D-45-46.)

Finally, read what C. Peter Wagner claims is the new agenda for the churches as of 2004:

See, the problem is, is that Satan has had too much of his way in our society because he has a government!  And the only way to overthrow a government is with a government.  It won’t happen otherwise.  So therefore the government of the church has to get into place in the extended church just like we do have it very well in place, we haven’t reached our goal yet, but it’s very well established in the nuclear church. … These apostles in the workplace are the ones that are going to come into the picture and with them we’ll be open these gates, without them we can have all the prayer meetings we want, all the marches for Jesus we want, all the prayer walking we want, the gates aren’t going to be opened. Because it takes a government to overthrow a government. Gate number one, letter A, the gate of social transformation, the gate of social transformation.  … This gate will be opened when we understand about the church in the workplace, that the church has a government, that it takes a government to overthrow a government, and when we understand this, if we renew our minds, if we embrace this paradigm shift, if we see, if we hear what the spirit is saying to the churches, if we recognize ministry in the extended church and government in the extended church, the revival we’ve been praying for is just around the corner.  We will see it. …And now I pray for every individual here, before you, who is in the workplace, who tomorrow and in the days to come will be going out to their ministries in the workplace, and I impart to them an anointing, I impart to them an anointing for not seeing a job, but seeing a ministry in the workplace.  And I impart an anointing to them and to this whole community to recognize and raise up apostles who will set the church in the workplace in order so that our cities, our communities, our states, and our nations will be transformed for Your glory, in Jesus’ name. (C. Peter Wagner, Arise Prophetic Conference, Gateway Church, San Jose, CA, 10-10-2004)


The doctrines of Dominionism are rooted in the earth. Their basis is the (false) teaching that man must take dominion of this earth and change it for the better before Jesus can come. The emphasis, therefore, has shifted from ‘looking up’ to ‘looking around’ to see what can be done to patch up the environment and change society into a more godly one. This scheme is unscriptural and should be rejected as heresy.  Following are ten reasons why.

REASON ONE: It requires a universal Kingdom of God on earth.

Obviously, in order to alter society and bring in biblical laws for the nations, in order to change man’s habits of greed and violence, there would have to be a world government headed and policed by Restoration Christians. (The “Holy” Roman religio-political empire nearly achieved this in time gone by, but at a high cost – the oppression of the masses, widescale poverty and ignorance, the disappearance of the Bible texts in the common language, papal abuses, priestly dominion and the slaughter of thousands of dissenters and so-called heretics who refused to bow the knee to Roman dictators in the Church.)

This system requires obedience to Law. If any system of religion is going to be introduced worldwide, amongst many who offer only a token submission to it, obviously that religion must be strongly enforced and governed by rules and regulations. In fact, the religion proposed by Dominionism (and other) Christian movements for world transformation today is one closely modeled on the Old Testament Law. Every part of the world system – law, government, medicine, education etc. – would be ruled by biblical precepts. But the New Testament demonstrates that Law cannot save mankind and that the only hope for man is in justification by faith. The Law has failed to transform mankind and it always will. [Rom 7:6] But Dominionism adherents hope to resurrect it as the basis of a new age of peace and righteousness.

Taking restoration teachings to their logical conclusion, it is clear that nothing less than world Christianisation would work the miracle of planetary salvation. This, say the leaders, would be the ‘Kingdom of Peace and Righteousness’ promised in the Old Testament. However, given the condition of the human heart, and satan’s plans for world dominion, it is actually the universal reign of terror through Antichrist! In the Word of God, not universal obedience but universal wickedness is forecast before the Coming of Christ, and all nations will follow the satanic plans of the ‘Beast’. [Rev 13:3,4] To set about organising and networking for a New Order and for global dominion is to throw huge parts of the Church into the hands of ‘another christ’ and ‘another gospel’.

REASON TWO: It robs the Jews of their inheritance.

In order to provide biblical proof of their role as earth saviours and law-givers, and in order to support their claim to be the Kingdom of God on earth, Dominionism leaders have to pirate the Old Testament promises of God to the nation of Israel and make them apply to the Church.

They have gone on record as saying that Israel has no further place in God’s future plan for blessing the nations, nor will the ‘kingdom’ promises of the OT come to pass specifically for Israel, but only by and through the Church. The Jews rejected their Messiah, they say, and so forfeited their inheritance. But God, who can never lie nor break His Word, has promised specific material blessings of land, prosperity, nationhood, peace and victory to the literal nation of Israel in the future. These promises have never been fulfilled and can only be fulfilled in the context of a re-gathering and spiritual resurrection of Jews in the literal land of Israel. [Jer 31:35-37] with ultimate fulfillment in the Millennial Kingdom after Christ’s second coming.

REASON THREE: It removes awareness of the Return of the Lord.

The emphasis on earthly triumph for the Church and long years of victorious rule to precede the Lord’s Coming removes the need to ‘watch and pray’ and be ready for that Day. Many sensitive Christians are aware that the signs leading up to the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus are being fulfilled in this generation, and that – in fact – the Coming may be very soon indeed. If so, we ought to be on our guard against laxity and deception, as Jesus warned. But Restoration doctrine promises ultimate triumph for the Church instead of the tribulation of the endtimes prophesied in the Word, and so encourages a careless attitude.

REASON FOUR: It denies the scriptural prophesies of the end-times.

Because Dominionism teaching places the binding of evil, and the ‘dominion’ of the righteous, at the FIRST coming of the Lord, it radically adjusts our understanding of the book of Revelation and the other prophecies of the End. According to this scheme, the Tribulation, Antichrist, Apostasy and so forth are placed historically in the PAST, or else are made out to be symbolic interpretations of ordinary antagonism against the victorious Church. The Restoration understanding of prophecy is largely POST-millennial. That is, it places the Return of Christ AFTER the reign of righteousness and peace. Therefore, what is now expected is not tribulation but triumph. This is very dangerous, especially as the scripture warns that, before Jesus returns, a world leader claiming to be Messiah will arise. [2 Thess 2:3,4] It may be that Dominionists, unaware of the true prophetic calendar, will accept this man as Christ.

REASON FIVE: It denies the sovereignty of the Godhead.

Dominionism doctrine claims that Jesus CANNOT return until all His enemies have been put under the feet of the Church, (including death, presumably). His coming is not at the appointed time ordained by God, as scripture says [Acts 1:7] but must wait on the preparations made for Him by the Church, for the world must be evangelised and saved and the Bride must be totally united and without spot or wrinkle when He comes. However, the Bible states that very few will be ready when Jesus comes, and that the purification of the Bride is a work of the Holy Spirit, not Christian leaders. [Luke 18:8/Matt 7:14]

REASON SIX: It requires religious unity.

Since the world must be evangelised and cleansed, according to this doctrine, and since this cannot be done by individual churches, it is imperative that all denominations (now including Mormons, eg.) come together to do the work. The plan for World Evangelisation entails an overthrowing of doctrinal differences (such as justification by faith alone) to allow Roman Catholics and liberals to help christianise the World. But the scripture forbids us to work together with unbelievers and heretics. [2 Cor 6:14]

REASON SEVEN: It rests on human ability and wisdom.

Instead of the wisdom and power of the Holy Spirit, the scheme of world restoration calls for the development of man’s social skills and knowledge, organisational ability, qualities of leadership, rhetoric and the ability to dominate adversaries. Dominionists are now being encouraged to take a full part in all areas of the world system in order to change it from within. This is what the Transformation movement is all about, with marketplace apostles, and marketplace Christians, for instance.  But Bible Christians were often the poorest and least intelligent, and relied on nothing but the power of God to back their preaching. Their work was to preach the gospel only, and never were Christians told in scripture to change mankind by social action. [1 Cor 2:1-5]

REASON EIGHT: It requires a structured Church system based on human leadership.

In order to establish world dominion, Dominionism teaching must be unvaried and universal, and this cannot be done without the obedience of all its followers. Thus, a system of leadership [discipleship] must be introduced to ensure every Christian is under authority and unable to err from the teaching. This leadership model is the New Apostolic Reformation headed by the International Coalition of Apostles under head “horizontal apostle” C. Peter Wagner.  This excludes from the ‘one world kingdom’ all those who disagree with Dominionism teaching. In effect, it disinherits all other Christians from the Body of Christ. Indeed, some Dominionist fellowships teach that their Church is the only valid one, that the door to salvation is through the Church, [not Jesus Christ the Saviour!] and that everyone outside of the system is outside of the Kingdom of God.

REASON NINE: It replaces Jesus with the Church.

In an effort to strengthen the claims of the Church on earth, as a Kingdom and Authority to be obeyed, Dominionism doctrine has come close to replacing Lord Jesus with His Body. The properties, abilities and authority of Jesus are made over to the visible Body on earth and His functions as Head and Government, Shepherd and King are taken over by apostles (on His behalf, they say!). Then, it becomes the responsibility OF THE CHURCH to destroy the wicked and establish the Kingdom on earth. This is exactly what Word-Faith and Latter Rain/New Apostolic heretics have been teaching for years. Yet this leads to human arrogance and rivalry, and replaces obedience to God with submission to the Church.

REASON TEN: It draws from corrupt roots.

What we know today as Dominionism doctrine is a hybrid of Roman Restorationism, Dominionism, Preterism, liberal A-millennialism, Post-millennial eschatology, and Later Rain doctrines. The Latter Rain revivals of the early 20th century introduced an ideal new to Christendom – that of achieving religious unity and a golden age for the Church by means of revelation knowledge and spiritual power. Much more was entailed in the scheme, but this heresy, though largely debunked in the 1950’s, seeded the charismatic movement and linked with other groups to form the Restoration Movement, Latter Rain, etc..

Thus, much current heresy on the “birth of the Manchild” and the role of an elite army of saints in taking the nations for God – which came to our present time in the Toronto Blessing, Brownsville, Benny Hinn, Kenneth Copeland, and a host of false apostles and prophets on TV- has been able to implant itself most readily in charismatic churches where restoration teachings had already paved the way.

Many have discovered from bitter experience in Dominionism fellowships that behind the smiling faces, camaraderie, loving embraces and victorious praise, there lies a spirit of dominion that will wound and crush any who do not toe the line. An empire-building, self-seeking arrogance pervades much of the Dominionism leadership, and they have proven themselves closed to correction. Greed, corruption, immorality and spiritual abuses have thrived in this climate – and the teaching which focuses so much on the earth as our inheritance had led many to become so in love with this present world as to adopt almost all its values.

Without denying that there are many sincere people who claim to be Christians within this system, it needs to be said most strongly that Dominionism churches are a foundation of sand, and the doctrines taught are unscriptural, unsound and finally heretical where they deny the bodily return of Jesus Christ to earth to rule and judge..


Anyone within the Dominionism system should think very carefully about the dangers to their spiritual walk.  Dominionism is heresy and the Bible is clear that we are to reject heresy and heretics (Titus 3:10), mark and avoid false teachers (Rom. 16:17), and prove that we love the Lord by obeying His commands (John 5:10).  Our mandate is the same as when Christ ascended until He returns: preach the gospel (Mark 16:15) and disciple believers from all the nations (Matt. 28:19).  We are NOT to overthrow the governments of the world, take over businesses, or throw our collective Christian weight around in a bid to take over everything.  We are to be light and salt (Matt. 5:13-15) to a dying world (1 Cor. 7:31) and abide till He comes (1 John 2:28).  Christians need to get busy witnessing for Christ and drop this Dominionist, Kingdom building rhetoric and planning because if they do not they will be playing right into the hands of the coming antichrist.

(Note: Thanks to Cross + Word Ministries for the basis for the second section of this document which has been updated and refined by Sandy Simpson.)

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(revised 04/02/14)

I’m coming across more and more articles about evangelicals moving away from premillenialism into postmillenial Dominionist heresy. One of my Facebook Friends in the Concerned Nazarenes Facebook Group wrote:

“… I am [a] “Concerned Nazarene”, who recently left my home church of 5 years because it has become an apostate church, heavily teaching the characteristics of not only the Emergent Church hub, but all its little spokes, like “Kingdom Now”, “Dominionism”, and “Open Theism”. My former pastor has deconstructed the Lord’s Prayer to teach people that we are living in the Millennial Reign right here, right now, and he called it “On Earth, as it is in Heaven”.”

Regarding these heresies, I located an insightful article by Prof. Johan Malan contrasting the postmillenial Dominionist theology with biblically sound doctrine. Prof. Malan discusses 20 heretical Dominionist teachings. Very helpful for those encountering these heresies in their churches.

I have reposted Prof. Malan’s entire article here. I have added a Table of Contents, to help navigate this lengthy article. Also, I have emphasized certain points by bolding, and inserted comments in [brackets].  Click here for Prof. Malan’s original post.

Not a Kingdom Now

Prof. Johan Malan, Mossel Bay, South Africa (April 2011)



20 characteristics of our present position in the world

1. A world which lies under the sway of the Wicked One
2. A cross and not a crown
3. Disciples and servants
4. The salt and light of the world
5. Tribulation and persecution
6. The kingdom of Christ is not of this world
7. No dominion mandate over people
8. Mammon’s materialistic kingdom
9. We are not kings and priests now
10. Deception through signs, wonders and extra-Biblical prophecies
11. The dispensation of grace
12. Grace and law may not be mixed
13. Faith is not an impersonal power
14. The gospel of the cross, death and resurrection
15. The purpose of spiritual warfare
16. Transformation meetings for a kingdom
17. Not Christian nations now
18. Not a big revival but widespread apostasy
19. End-time preaching is the key
20. Israel and Jerusalem in God’s kingdom




It is of the greatest importance that Christians should expect a future kingdom – not a kingdom now, during the church dispensation. One of the very serious forms of deception, which the Christian church worldwide is exposed to, emanates from wrongly interpreted promises and commands that we should establish a visible kingdom here and now. An orientation of this nature is the breeding-ground for spiritual deception since it offers Satan’s alternate kingdom the opportunity of holding out to believers something else than that which the Bible promises us for the present dispensation: a different faith, a different way of life, a different status, a different world, and ultimately a different Christ and a different kingdom.

Kingdom now theology, also referred to as kingdom theology or dominionism, is founded upon a large number of false premises. It deviates from the pure doctrine of the Bible in a number of ways. The following 20 characteristics of our present position in the world refute a kingdom orientation for the church dispensation:

20 characteristics of our present position in the world

1. A world which lies under the sway of the Wicked One

We are living in a world which lies under the sway of the Wicked One” (1 John 5:19). However, we should not conclude from this that God is not sovereign in the universe. He decided to give every person a free will (Jos. 24:15; Matt. 23:37; Rev. 22:17). That means that nobody on earth is predestined or programmed to live or die in any particular way. We can use our free will to love and serve the Lord (2 Cor. 5:20), or we can use it to live in sin, thereby rendering ourselves followers of Satan’s kingdom. The great majority of people take wrong decisions on their spiritual loyalties, and that is the major reason why we are living in a predominantly evil world.

With a view to this situation the Lord Jesus referred to the devil as “the ruler of this world” (John 14:30). He was indeed cast out by Christ (John 12:31; 16:11), but His salvation only applies to those who accepted Him as Saviour, and they are a small minority (Matt. 7:14; Luke 13:24). As far as the majority is concerned, the devil is “the god of this age” who blinds the minds of people so that they should not accept the gospel message (2 Cor. 4:4). He is “the prince of the power of the air” who controls the unsaved people (Eph. 2:2). Although he was defeated by the Lord Jesus he still maintains a firm grip on the evil world where he roams around like a roaring lion (1 Pet. 5:8).

This spiritual domination is so intense that Paul refers thus to the great struggle in which we have to remain standing against a depraved world which is in the power of Satan: “Put on the whole armour of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places” (Eph. 6:11-12). Evil rule of the world is an accomplished fact, and we can see the evidence of it all around us. The entire history of humanity since the Fall bears witness of Satan’s big influence on people and his power to impact their decisions.

True Christians are not members of Satan’s evil kingdom since we have been “delivered from this present evil age” (Gal. 4:1). Although we are not part of this evil kingdom we are engaged in an intense battle with it, and that is the reason why we need spiritual armour. Johns says, “We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies under the sway of the wicked one” (1 John 5:19). We should always be mindful of the fact that we are not party to this corrupt kingdom, that we have been delivered from it and do not need to yield to its influences.

Profs. Walvoord & Zuck (Bible Knowledge Commentary, p. 903) comment as follows on this scripture: “John was seeking in these summarising statements to reinforce the readers’ consciousness that they are distinct from the satanically controlled world system and basically free from its power. They need not listen to the worldly ideas advanced by the antichrists (3:7-8). Nor need they succumb to worldly desires (cf. 2:15-27).” We were set free.

As far as the majority of sinners are concerned, it should be brought to their attention that sin is a form of rebellion against God. The Lord will enforce His supremacy upon them by judging them because of their own sin and also because they have changed the world into an evil place in which it is difficult for Christians to survive: “And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil” (John 3:19). They disregarded God’s command that all people should repent, and for that reason they will be judged – not because they were not among the elect (Acts 17:30-31).

From all these statements it is obvious that in the world at large we are not living in a Christian kingdom. Neither do we have a mandate, command or the capacity to destroy the kingdom of darkness and replace it with a Christian kingdom on earth. Only individuals can be saved now, not nations, and they have to be instructed how to fight the good fight of faith to be able to stand against an evil world.

According to the Bible the apostate world will, during the course of time, become more evil as it heads for the great tribulation (Matt. 24:21). Only at the end of the tribulation when Christ returns as King, the Antichrist and false prophet will be destroyed and the devil bound in a pit (Rev. 19:19–20:3). Until then we will be sojourners and pilgrims in an evil world (1 Pet. 2:11). Dominion theologians should take note of these basic facts and stop deceiving their followers with a kingdom vision.

2. A cross and not a crown

During the dispensation of the church we are promised a cross and not a crown. We are not kings now who rule over their inheritance, but disciples of the crucified Christ who are engaged in a fierce battle against an evil kingdom. We are followers of the suffering Christ who is still rejected by the majority of people, and He only offers us a cross when we decide to follow Him in a spiritually dark world: “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow Me” (Luke 9:23; cf. 1 Cor. 2:2; Gal. 6:14).

There is no mention that we are wearing a crown now and are endued with royal powers. We first have to suffer with Christ in this dispensation if we wish to be glorified with Him in His kingdom after His second coming (Rom. 8:17; cf. Phil. 1:29). “If we endure, we shall also reign with Him” (2 Tim. 2:12). The enduring part is now, but the promise of ruling positions in the kingdom of Christ will only be fulfilled after His second coming. It is now the time to identify with the cross, to hold fast to the Lord and to persevere on the right way, even under the most trying circumstances.

“Hold fast what you have till I come. And he who overcomes, and keeps my works until the end, to him I will give power over the nations – he shall rule them with a rod of iron… as I also have received from my Father” (Rev. 2:25-27). The victories that we are called upon to achieve now are not political or military victories, but victories for the cross. That happens when people come over from the darkness of sin to the marvellous light of God’s hidden kingdom (1 Pet. 2:9). They will then have to put on the armour of God to remain standing until He comes for us.

3. Disciples and servants

Our present status is that of disciples and servants – not kings and lords over our inheritance: “And whoever of you desires to be first shall be slave of all. For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many” (Mark 10:44-45). We should become conformed to the image of the lowly Servant, who laid down His life for the salvation of a perishing world. We should not act autocratically and strive after high positions as that would be contrary to our calling as servants.

Only narcissistic people would strive after great power and influence over people as they want to be highly respected and live in excessive wealth. They would make any effort to occupy high positions in a kingdom, rather than being labourers, servants or slaves in a spiritually hostile world. But they forfeit the power of the Holy Spirit and act completely in the flesh when they glorify themselves as “God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble” (Jas. 4:6).

It is not now the time to rule but to serve. A good shepherd is not one who is a lord over the flock but an example to the congregation (1 Pet. 5:3). Authority and obedience are indeed mentioned as virtues (1 Pet. 5:5) but not arrogant self-exaltation, inapproachability by minors, and unjustified despotism. That is not the mind of Christ.

4. The salt and light of the world

Our basic calling is to be the salt of a corrupt earth and the light of a dark world (Matt. 5:13-14). Since we are living in a hostile world we should take a bold stand against the unrighteousness and deception around us. Paul says, “Have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather expose them” (Eph. 5:11). We should not in any way participate in the sin and evil practices of the world, but “become blameless and harmless, children of God without fault in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world” (Phil. 2:15).

We are in the world but not of the world. Actually, we are living in two worlds: spiritually in the hidden kingdom of God in which righteousness and peace reign, and physically in the more prevalent kingdom of Satan which is characterised by sin, confusion and evil deeds. We must keep our way pure in the midst of all the unrighteousness around us.

In this dispensation the wheat and tares grow together in the same field, but at harvest time the tares will be thrown into the fire while the wheat will be gathered into the heavenly barn. In God’s kingdom there will not be such an element of evil in society as we experience now.

5. Tribulation and persecution

Because of the nature of the present dispensation we should logically expect tribulation and persecution. The kingdom of darkness with its majority support is not at all impressed with our values, faith, opinions and way of living, and for that reason it will reject and persecute us: “If you were of the world, the world would love its own. Yet because you are not of the world… therefore the world hates you… In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world” (John 15:19; 16:33).

The Lord Jesus has indeed overcome the world and its evil powers, and that victory is at the disposal of every believer, but it is not enforced upon the unsaved world during this dispensation. Everyone still has the opportunity to fill up the measure of his iniquity, since the time of giving account of themselves will only be when Christ comes again. In the meantime, the persecution, slandering and rejection of true Christians continue unabated, which accounts for the fact that we must enter the kingdom of God through many tribulations (Acts 14:22).

In some societies the rejection and persecution is more severe than in others. But is occurs universally, even in countries where freedom of religion is granted. Should a true Christian, for example, refuse to join a secret society, to accept or pay bribes, to become involved with other corrupt practices, to drink with colleagues and friends, to listen to dirty jokes and participate in vile or derogatory conversations, he will very soon discover that he is not part of this world with its evil systems and practices. All believers should count the cost of their faith.

6. The kingdom of Christ is not of this world

The kingdom of Christ is not of this world and will only be revealed at His second coming. We have no command to overtly establish His kingdom as a physical reality in the world before He comes again. No transformation movement or any compromise with “moderate” political leaders will transform the present world into a Christian kingdom. The kingdom of Christ is fundamentally different from that of the world and cannot even function in an alliance with it.

Our command is to minister to people spiritually so they can come out of the darkness of Satan’s kingdom into the light of Christ’s kingdom. That will render them strangers in the wicked world, and together with all Christians they should accept the fact that they are sojourners while looking forward to the coming of Christ and the revelation of His kingdom: “For our citizenship is in heaven, from which we also eagerly wait for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ” (Phil. 3:20). Only when He comes as King of kings will He reign over the earth (Rev. 11:15; 19:11-16).

7. No dominion mandate over people

The dominion mandate to Adam is often quoted by kingdom now theologians as justification for their view that man is destined to rule the world. The command is: “…fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth” (Gen. 1:28). These theologians further explain that during the Fall this authority was appropriated by Satan, but through the victory of Jesus (the last Adam) we have regained our position of dominion. We should now, according to them, show the necessary faith and boldness by taking over the world and ruling over it.

But the mandate of Genesis 1:26-28 does not include authority over people – it only subjects the natural world to the authority of humans. The ecological disasters which threaten the world today, e.g. the pollution of the atmosphere and water resources, deforestation and global heating, are the direct consequences of the extreme abuse of the dominion mandate. The mandate over the physical world which was given to Adam and his descendants was not terminated by the Fall, and therefore does not need to be returned to them by Christ.

God has given the control over human societies to their kings and leaders: “Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities” (Rom. 13:1). If these leaders are apostate, their subjects will have an apostate government. But if the leader is God-fearing, the opposite is more likely to be true. The nations of the world have, except for short periods of good government, all lapsed into apostasy.

The Lord did not hand over the control of the world to the church. The dominion mandate which churches demand for themselves is completely in conflict with the Bible. This disposition will foster compromise and a decadent ecumenical movement which will only benefit the Antichrist and his empire.

8. Mammon’s materialistic kingdom

We are living in a world which is largely under the control of the devil in his capacity as Mammon, the god of money. As Christians we should live in accordance with the principles of God’s unseen kingdom, and not in terms of the principles and values of Mammon’s materialistic kingdom: “You cannot serve God and Mammon” (Matt. 6:24). Paul says that people to whom the pursuit of wealth is a high priority are on the wrong way that leads to destruction and perdition (1 Tim. 6:9-10).

Wealth is like thorns and thistles in a person’s life which prevent the seed of the Word to grow, even though such a person may be exposed to the true gospel message. If he is not prepared to break with his materialistic way of life he will not be able to awaken spiritually and to grow: “He who received seed among the thorns is he who hears the word, and the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and he becomes unfruitful” (Matt. 13:22).

A secular, materialistic lifestyle is completely at variance with a true Christian way of life. We cannot outwardly manifest God’s kingdom during this dispensation before the kingdom of Mammon has been destroyed, and that will only happen at the second coming of Christ.

9. We are not kings and priests now

In Revelation 5, the glorified church in heaven says the Lord Jesus has made us kings and priests. The elders will sing to Christ on the throne: “You were slain and have redeemed us to God by your blood out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation, and have made us kings and priests to our God; and we shall reign on the earth” (Rev. 5:9-10; cf. 1:6). This is a clear reference to two offices (king and priest) that the elders did not yet have and will only practice during the millennial reign of Christ on earth (“…we shall reign on the earth”). At that stage they were not yet kings. In Revelation 20:6 reference is also made to the future fulfilment of these offices, and that will only be after the resurrection of the just: “Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection… they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years.”

It is dispensationally completely wrong to refer to Christians as kings and priests during the church age. Depending on our social position or the capacity in which we serve the Lord we may be described as believers, disciples, servants, heads of family, elders, deacons, pastors or teachers. There is no strong emphasis on a hierarchic structure in the church of Christ, and positions of authority are only instituted to maintain good order in the congregation. The pastors and elders should not be haughty rulers but examples to the flock. He who wants to be first should be the servant of everybody else. Decisions should be taken by consensus, involving the whole congregation, rather than adopting a top-down authority structure. Strong leadership is only needed for the unruly.

A “priest” (Heb. kohen) means “someone who renders service” and refers to Old Testament priests who had to perform certain duties under the law, among others, to sacrifice in the tabernacle or temple on behalf of the people. Ordinary members of the nation were denied access to the holy places of God without the mediation of priests. This office is never mentioned by Paul with regard to the functioning of New Testament congregations. He only explains in his letter to the Hebrews how the priestly order was terminated by Christ and substituted with something better.

Through the once for all sacrifice of the Lord Jesus on the cross He completely abolished the temple service with its repetitive sacrifices, and also discontinued the Levitical priesthood. He became High Priest according to another order, and through the torn veil opened the way to all believers to draw near to God’s throne of grace themselves, without the mediation of a priest (Heb. 10:19-22; 7:11-28). We do not need any priests in the New Testament who need to approach God on our behalf – neither do we need specially ordained ministers with a high status and exclusive rights and functions to officiate on our behalf. Every believer has the privilege to personally follow and serve Christ, and also to ask counsel from Him as High Priest.

Reference to a priestly office in the revealed kingdom of God simply indicates that we will not only have political and administrative functions as kings in Christ’s government, but also religious functions. But that will not constitute a return to the law or the perpetuation of the Levitical priesthood. Peter says that the spiritually revived Israel will be a “royal priesthood” and a holy nation to proclaim the praises of the Messiah – the Lamb slain for our sins (1 Pet. 2:9). That is exactly what other believers from the nations will also do. We will be charged with special duties to serve Christ’s grace.

But that is still future – we are not yet a royal priesthood, only witnesses, servants and disciples of Christ who should minister to one another as good stewards of the manifold grace of God (1 Pet. 4:10). There clearly is a chronological fulfilment in Christ’s positions as Prophet, Priest and King. During His first coming He was Prophet and Servant of God who proclaimed the truths of the Word and also paid the price to validate God’s plan of salvation. At His crucifixion He fulfilled a High Priestly function by offering a once for all sacrifice for sin. After that, He ever lives as High Priest to make intercession for us at the throne of God (Heb. 7:25-26). At His second coming He will come as King of kings to rule from the restored throne of   David from Jerusalem.

A great many churches are involved with dominion theology, as they see for themselves a higher status in this context. Congregations such as Moreleta Park in Pretoria even offer “Daniel seminars” to make men conscious of their calling to act as kings in society.  For the women there are “Esther seminars” in which they are taught to live up to their status as queens. The fees for these seminars are high, and afterwards it is only the organisers who live as kings and queens. They are pre-empting their royal status. We first have to suffer with Christ if we later want to rule with Him (Rom. 8:17).

10. Deception through signs, wonders and extra-Biblical prophecies

The inclination towards signs and wonders is a breeding-ground for kingdom now deception. Those who expect a visible kingdom during the church age are strongly bent towards the idea that this kingdom must demonstrate its power through various supernatural signs and wonders. There should, according to them, be mighty prophets and apostles who receive important revelations from God, who can speak on behalf of Him to the world, and also have the power to heal the sick, raise the dead, make people fall in the Spirit, and perform many other dramatic signs.

But the Lord Jesus says, “A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah” (Matt. 16:4). The sign of Jonah was that he was three days and three nights in the belly of a great fish, and also that an entire pagan city repented in reaction to his preaching. This sign was fulfilled during the death of Jesus when He was in the grave for three days and three nights and rose on the third day (Matt. 12:4). After that, thousands of people repented when they heard the gospel of the atoning death and resurrection of Christ. Agnostic Jews who did not want to accept this message, learned how thousands of Gentiles (as earlier in Nineveh) turned to God with repentant hearts. We must have faith in the great sign of the death and resurrection of the Lord Jesus – not in other signs and wonders.

Signs and wonders play a very minor role in the church dispensation, as the Lord wants us to live by faith in Christ, and not by virtue of physical signs. Any emphasis of this nature usually leads to deception, and the devil will use such signs to prepare the way for the acceptance of the Antichrist and false prophet: “For false christs and false prophets will arise and show great signs and wonders, so as to deceive, if possible, even the elect” (Matt. 24:24). The Antichrist and false prophet will excel in this regard (2 Thess. 2:8-12; Rev. 13:11-15).

As far as prophecies are concerned, we should guard against the possibility of being deceived by specially “anointed” but self-imposed prophets and prophetesses. We must be guided by the Bible, and not by the extra-biblical prophecies. The prophetic revelations which the Lord gave to the church were concluded with the writing of the Book of Revelation. Should anybody dare to add any further prophecies to it, God will add to him the plagues revealed in His Word (Rev. 22:18).

People who have prophetic ministries in our time should only quote and interpret Biblical prophecies – not revelations through dreams, visions, foreign tongues and other extra-biblical sources. The prophecy of Joel that young people shall prophesy and old people dream dreams, was only given to Israel (Joel 2:28-32).

The situation which Joel discusses, and which is quoted in Acts 2:16-21, clearly refers to the tribulation period when Israel and the nations will be in the midst of the judgements of the terrible day of the Lord. During that time there will be great signs in the sun, moon and stars. Israel will still be unsaved as a people and flee for survival to a place in the wilderness. God will then communicate with them by supernatural means to prepare them on the soon coming of the Messiah. There will even be a new outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon Israel (Zech. 12:10).

On the day of Pentecost not one of the books of the New Testament were yet written, and for that reason supernatural revelations still occurred. Only after the whole Bible was written, God started talking to us mainly through His Word, which is Spirit and life (John 6:63). Dreams and visions no longer played a role, while speaking in tongues and the interpretation of tongues were replaced by Scripture-reading and the interpretation of Scripture. Do not make the mistake of brushing aside the Bible for the sake of dramatic kingdom manifestations, and start pursuing the false revelations of self-imposed prophets and prophetesses.

11. The dispensation of grace

The grace of Christ puts us in a position of conflict against a depraved world, teaches us to proclaim His second coming and thus to expect a future kingdom: “For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men, teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously and godly in the present age, looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ” (Titus 2:11-13).

From this section it is evident that ungodliness and worldly lusts are contrary to the grace of Christ. When we have been saved by grace and were delivered from these lusts we should ensure that we do not again become ensnared by them. We are living a life which is in opposition to the present evil world (Gal. 1:4). We are not in a Christian kingdom to which we can heartily adapt, but in a depraved world.

We must learn to prevail against all the godlessness, and while doing so we keep looking forward to the second coming of the Lord Jesus. He will reveal the glory of God’s kingdom on earth, destroy the antichristian powers, bind the devil, and institute a government of righteousness. Only then, will the nations no longer walk after the stubbornness of their evil hearts (Jer. 3:17).

The dispensation of grace and the dispensation of the kingdom are distinctly different from one another. We are contending with an evil world. Paul said to the Ephesians: “And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins, in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience, among whom also we all once conducted ourselves in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, just as the others” (Eph. 2:1-3).

Although we are no longer part of the depraved world, we are still physically in the world and must see to it that we are not lured back to our former conduct by worldly lusts. We are absolutely not kings now who are ruling over the apostate world, but sojourners and members of another kingdom which is not of this evil world. We are waiting for the revelation of Christ’s kingdom.

12. Grace and law may not be mixed

The present dispensation of grace is not only distinct from the coming dispensation of the kingdom of Christ on earth, but also from the previous dispensation of the law in Israel. There must be no uncertainty on this matter, “for you are not under law but under grace” (Rom. 6:14). Our salvation was achieved by Christ’s work of grace on the cross, and for that reason “Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes” (Rom. 10:4). If we are not willing to fully accept this truth and still prefer to base our salvation partially on the law, we are lost: “You have become estranged from Christ, you who attempt to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace” (Gal. 5:4).

Nevertheless, many people still try to live under the law. They do not realise that the law was only given to Israel and that, to them, it was a tutor to Christ (Gal. 3:24-25). When they are reconciled with the Messiah, the role of the tutor becomes obsolete because He has fulfilled the law. Since the beginning of missionary outreaches to the Gentiles only Christ was proclaimed. The Holy Spirit – not the law – convicted people of sin. In Acts 15, a decision was taken under the guidance of the Holy Spirit that Christian congregations should not be subjected to the law of Moses. That rule still applies.

The church is not Israel, not even in a spiritual sense, as a view of this nature also promotes the mixing of law and grace. The spiritual Israel refers to saved Jews (Rom. 9:6; Gal. 6:16). We are members of the hidden body of Christ on earth. There is only a spiritual bond between true Christians, not a structural one. We are not members of a named people or nation, we cannot lay claim to a God-given territory; neither are we members of a specific kingdom. We are only members of local congregations in order to be better able to jointly serve the Lord. But the emphasis is not upon buildings and denominations because we, “as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house” (1 Pet. 2:5).

We should guard against rigid denominational structures with institutionalised positions of authority, based upon humanly-determined rules and dogmas (the commandments of men), as that often leads to a situation in which Christ is no longer the Head of the congregation, and Christians are no longer guided by the Holy Spirit. Powerful denomination structures (the deeds of the Nicolaitans – Rev. 2:6) tend to enter into alliances and friendships with the depraved world, and that jeopardises the principles of Christ’s kingdom. The church is not destined to achieve a position of power in this dispensation.

The true church of Christ is in conflict with the world and should not put itself in the position of Israel, start functioning in terms of certain laws, and establish mighty structures to enforce its authority upon societies. We are only committed to Christ’s spiritual law of love (John 13:34-35) and that enables us to give guidance to those who walk in darkness.

13. Faith is not an impersonal power

Faith is not a supernatural force which we can manipulate at will to our own end. According to the kingdom now theology of the Word of Faith Movement Christians have creative powers in their words by virtue of their faith (for more information, read Occult Invasion by Dave Hunt or Tongues, Prosperity, & Godhood by Cathy Burns).

Kenneth Copeland says that faith is a power, just like electricity. According to Charles Capps God used faith for everything that He created, and for the same reason Christians can also use it to make things happen. Because God is in us, says Copeland, we have the same abilities that He has. The way in which faith is put into practice is to merely speak words. We should have faith in our words: “Just name it and claim it.” Kenneth Hagin says that divine faith is released through the words of our mouth. There is creative power in God’s words, and therefore also in our words – we should only believe it.

Hagin advances this deception still further by his allegation that since all people are spiritual beings, regardless of whether they are Christians or not, they can all release faith power if they only believe what they say. He calls its “positive confession”. Hagin says, “You get what you say.” In his book Having Faith in your Faith (1980, p. 4-5) he says, “It used to bother me when I’d see unsaved people getting results, but my church members not getting results. Then it dawned on me what the sinners were doing: They were cooperating with this law of God – the law of faith.”

Copeland says that the secret of realising all the desires of your heart is to ensure that the words of your mouth are in agreement with that which you want. Robert Tilton states that everything which you say will happen to you. Hagin writes: “I never prayed in my life that either of my children would be saved. Not a single prayer. I never prayed a prayer that either one of them would be filled with the Spirit. They’re 30-some years of age today, and I don’t believe I prayed more than half a dozen times for both of them in all these years. Why? Because you can have what you say – and I had already said it! (K. Hagin: How to write your own ticket with God, 1985).

The error of this false gospel is very obvious. To those who have been deceived by it, faith is not faith in the Lord Jesus to do things for us in accordance with His will and promises. Faith to them is an impersonal, magical power which can be used by any person on earth, also by pagans, to fulfil the desires of their heart. They want to know nothing of a difficult battle against an evil world (John 16:33; 1 Pet. 4:12; 1 John 5:19) – neither of all the afflictions that Paul experienced during his ministry (2 Cor. 1:8-11 and 11:23-29). These problems, according to them, can easily be overcome if your faith is strong enough.

Faith in a falsely conceived impersonal supernatural power which was allegedly given by God as a gift to all people is used as the driving force to build a human kingdom on earth – a modern tower of Babel. More and more false prophets will emerge to do great signs and wonders. That will prepare the way for the Antichrist and false prophet who will perform the most astounding signs.

14. The gospel of the cross, death and resurrection

The Word of Faith Movement does not believe that the redemptive work of Christ was done on the cross, but that it was finally accomplished in Hades or Hell. In this way they deny the most basic foundation of the Christian faith, they proclaim “another Jesus” (2 Cor. 11:4), and are building an earthly kingdom in collaboration with him. In this kingdom they are living in the greatest affluence, prosperity and luxury, while preparing the way for the greatest false Christ of all time – the Antichrist.

Several of the most popular preachers in the world are involved with this false Jesus and his message of prosperity. They maintain that Christ did not die on the cross for our sins but that afterwards, in Hell, He died spiritually. There He had to assume the position of fallen man and accept Satan as His stepfather, and was persecuted and scoffed at by demons for three days. Then only was the price paid and did the Father resurrect Him from the dead.

The fact that Joyce Meyer and Benny Hinn are part of this deceptive movement, and have a big following worldwide, is a cause of great concern. Seriously consider the following warnings on Joyce Meyer and take a strong stand against these false teachers:

In an article, What’s the Truth About Joyce Meyer and the Word-Faith Movement? Dr. J. Carrigan of On Thruth Ministries says: “I am very concerned about Joyce Meyer and her doctrine because she is wholly aligned with the Word-Faith Movement which is a seriously flawed doctrinal system based on the heretical teachings of Kenneth Hagin and Kenneth Copeland. Hagin and Copeland, together with other supporters of this religious movement, teach that God is SUBJECT to the power of FAITH and is OBLIGATED to grant every request made in FAITH. They also teach that God and Man are the same kind of being, which elevates the nature of man and undermines the nature of God. I am compelled to recommend strongly that all biblical Christians distance themselves from the ministry of Joyce Meyer, her television program, her books, and her conferences because of her association with the devastating errors of the Word-Faith Movement.”

Mike Oppenheimer posted an article on Joyce Meyer to his website www.letusreason.org in which he says, among others: “Meyer may not be completely engulfed in Word Faith teaching but she is yoked with Word Faith teachers and her writings and teachings have certainly been influenced by their theology.  Her ministry is now a multimillion-dollar organization with 500 employees and offices in Europe and South Africa… She says, I don’t want to spend my whole life talking about the promised land without ever getting there. I want to live in it. (This means accumulating wealth and living the good life now)… Jesus said, ‘It is finished.’ And He meant the Old Covenant. The job He had to do was just getting started. He really did the job the three days and nights that He was in hell. That’s where the job was done. He was pronounced guilty on the cross but He paid the price in hell. (From the Cross to the Throne; Joyce Meyer audio tape) This teaching has been popularized from Hagin, Copeland, Fred Price, Charles Capps, etc. In her book, The Most Important Decision You Will Ever Make, Joyce writes, During that time He entered hell, where you and I deserved to go (legally) because of our sin. Jesus paid on the cross and in hell. Jesus took your place in hell. …no plan was too extreme… God rose up from His throne and said to demon powers tormenting the sinless Son of God, ‘Let Him go.’ Then the resurrection power of Almighty God went through hell and filled Jesus. …He was resurrected from the dead – the first born-again man. (p. 35- 36). This is clearly Word Faith false theology. Jesus did not need to be born again – He’s God! Only sinners need to be born again.”

This erroneous belief in what Jesus did when he allegedly descended to Hell has a wider impact than is commonly realised, since it is proclaimed in different form by various churches. As far as the destination of lost sinners is concerned, the Bible distinguishes between Hades and the lake of fire. Hades (sheol in Hebrew) is the place where all the spirits of the lost go to after dying. Here they await the final judgement, when they will get bodies at the second resurrection, and will then appear before the great white throne to be condemned to the everlasting lake of fire. In Hades they already know what lies ahead for them and they suffer spiritually at the thought of the eternal flames for which they are destined. They are in great agony among all the cursed souls who also died in their sin.

Apart from Hades there is also Tartarus, a place of confinement for fallen angels (2 Pet. 2:4; Jude v.6). They are in a dark, underground dungeon where they have been bound in chains of darkness, waiting for the final judgement when they will go to Hell. A third place which the Bible refers to is the bottomless pit, which is the habitation of demons (Rev. 9:1,2,11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1-3).

Before the crucifixion of Christ there was still a fourth abode in the lower parts of the earth for the righteous dead, i.e. Paradise. The souls (a combination of soul and spirit) of the righteous were kept here, and there was a great gulf fixed between Paradise and Hades (Luke 16:26). When Jesus died he descended to Paradise, and not to Hades or Hell (Gehenna). He said to the penitent thief on the cross: “Today you will be with Me in Paradise” (Luke 23:43).

The word “Hell” does not refer to Hades but to the lake of fire. It is derived from the word Gehenna, which referred to the burning trash heaps outside Jerusalem, from which perpetual smoke ascended. Corpses were also burnt here. In Mark 9:45 Hell is described as “the fire that shall never be quenched”. That is the final destination of all sinners. At the final judgement, Tartarus and Hades will be emptied and all their inhabitants cast into Hell: “Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire” (Rev. 20:4; NIV). At present there is nobody in Hell – the Antichrist and false prophet will be the first inhabitants of this place (Rev. 19:20). A thousand years later the devil will follow them (Rev. 20:10), and then the fallen angels and all the lost people of all time (Rev. 20:13-15).

In different Bibles, among others the King James Version, Hades and Tartarus are wrongly translated as Hell (cf. Luke 16:23; 2 Pet. 2:4; Rev.20:13; KJV). This mistake gave rise to the wrong perception that Jesus descended into Hell after His death on the cross. But He “descended into the lower parts of the earth” (Eph. 4:9) where He had two missions. Most importantly, He went to show Himself to the just in Paradise, where all the believers were until that stage (Luke 23:43). He is the Lamb of God who, through His once for all sacrifice on the cross, fulfilled all the shadowy sacrifices that were brought in Old Testament times for believers. Nobody can go to heaven without the sacrifice of the Son of God, “for it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins” (Heb. 10:1,4). These believers had to wait for the promise of the Messiah (Heb. 11:39-40). He took all these spirits with Him to heaven (Eph. 4:8-10) where Paradise is subsequently described as part of heaven (2 Cor. 12:2-4; Rev. 2:7). That is where all the saved ones are now.

Secondly, Jesus also preached to the spirits in prison (1 Pet. 3:19-20) to confirm their judgement, and also to fallen angels in Tartarus, a gloomy dungeon which is closely associated with Hades (2 Pet. 2:4).

An unbiblical view which is entertained by many people is that Old Testament believers in Paradise were still largely under the control of Satan, and that Jesus had to deliver them from this domination and take them to heaven. That is an erroneous idea which ties up with the Word of Faith deception that Christ descended into Hades to redeem people.

Finis Dake (Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible) also played a part to establish the deceptive idea that Jesus had to liberate deceased believers in Paradise from the power of Satan. He expounds on this idea in: Dake, F., 1955: The truth about Hell: Tartarus, Paradise, Sheol-Hades, the bottomless pit, Gehenna – the lake of fire. He says, among others: “(49) The Paradise compartment of Sheol: A place other than the grave for the righteous who, until Christ came, were captives of the devil against their will (Heb. 2:14-15). … (56) Christ, while in Sheol/Hades, liberated the righteous captives of Satan taking them to heaven with Him when He ascended on high (Eph. 4:8-10; Heb. 2:14-15). … (57) Paradise is now empty of all the righteous souls.”

But Satan could not have controlled the righteous since nobody could pass from Hades to Paradise (Luke 16:26). Dake wrongly applies the thought of deliverance in Hebrews 2:14-15 to delivering believers from Hades/Paradise. This scripture refers to the deliverance of living people from the power of Satan. The statement that Satan, who had the power of death, was “destroyed” (Gr. katagese) can also be translated as “rendered useless” to scare or intimidate Christians with the thought of death. To us, death has lost its sting (1 Cor. 15:55).

Old Testament believers were definitely not after their death in a place where Satan had control over them. Christ only ratified the salvation of those believers, resulting in the unification of Old and New Testament believers into one body. They will also jointly be glorified (Matt. 8:11; Heb. 11:39-40).

Diverging views on where the deceased in Old Testament times went to, can be attributed to the fact that the concept “paradise” as the destination of the just was unknown at that time. Reference was only in a generic sense made to sheol as the “grave”, i.e. the abode of the dead, regardless of whether they were just or lost. That is the reason why commentators rightfully referred to the two compartments of sheol as the destinations of the just and the lost respectively. Bible translators (particularly in English) were certainly aware of this distinction, but in the absence of proper terms they translated sheol either as “grave” or “hell”, depending on the context in which it was used. (cf. Gen. 37:35, 1 Sam. 2:6, Ps. 6:5, 9:17, 16:10, 86:13; Eccl. 9:10 in the KJV).

The New Testament reference to “paradise” or “Abraham’s bosom” (Luke 16:22; 23:43) as the place where the souls of believers were kept before the crucifixion of Christ, renders any further reference to the two compartments of Hades or sheol unnecessary. One matter on which we should have absolute clarity is that there was never (including in Old Testament times) any indication that Satan had control over the just, since Christ would in that case have been compelled to do redemptive work from the power of Satan in Hades. His redemptive work on the cross was complete, and by virtue of that waiting saints from the Old Testament could accompany Him to heaven. Their conditional salvation was ratified by Christ’s fulfilment of the typological sacrifices that were brought for their sin.

Christ ascended to heaven, and that was where Paul also longed to be (Phil. 1:23). When the rapture occurs, the Lord Jesus will bring with Him from heaven all those who died as believers, so that they can be bodily resurrected from their graves on earth and receive their glorified bodies here (1 Thess. 4:14-17). After that, all believers with glorified bodies will ascend to heaven with Christ, where they will first appear before His judgement seat, and then take possession of their heavenly homes which He prepared for them.

Lost souls go to Hades, and after the final judgement they will be cast into the lake of fire (Hell) where they will remain forever. Saved people go to heaven. Their home will be in the New Jerusalem which will later descend upon the new earth. Heaven and earth will then be joined together. Nobody can escape from Hades or Tartarus once they are there. They are irrevocably heading for Hell (the lake of fire). Their fate has been sealed, they know it, and for that reason they experience great agony in the terrible place of the damned.

From this discussion it is clear that the deceased saints will also share in the revelation of God’s kingdom on earth. The Lord commented on the faith of a Roman centurion and said: “Many will come from east and west, and sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven” (Matt. 8:11). Believers from all parts of the earth will share in this experience, and that includes Old Testament believers. For this reason alone, it is impossible that the kingdom of heaven can be revealed before the resurrection of the just.

The church of Christ should continue to invite people to enter in so that the house of the Lord may be filled (Luke 14:23). Our obligation is not to reveal the kingdom of the Lord, but to invite people from all nations to enter in. The Lord Jesus Himself will reveal His kingdom when He comes, attended by all the saints of all time (Zech. 14:5; Col. 3:4). When we rule with Christ in the millennium the lost souls will still be in Hades, awaiting the final judgement: “But the rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished” (Rev. 20:5). Only then will they be resurrected, condemned and cast into the lake of fire (Rev. 20:7-15).

15. The purpose of spiritual warfare

The Bible clearly states that we are involved in a spiritual war against the kingdom of Satan (Eph. 6:10-12). He deceives people through evil thoughts, the lusts of their fallen nature, and also through the influence of the depraved world. The Lord gave us spiritual armour to offer resistance against these attacks, temptations and sinful inclinations (2 Cor. 10:3-5). The spiritual weapons are faith in the Lord Jesus (1 John 5:4-5), the Word (Eph. 6:17; Heb. 4:12), prayer (Jas. 5:16), the blood of the Lamb (Eph. 1:7), and the word of our testimony (Rev. 12:11). Individual believers all experience this spiritual battle in their lives.

Apart from contending against the devil, to which the Bible calls us, there are also unbiblical methods of spiritual warfare which we should avoid. One of these is called strategic spiritual warfare and is committed to the casting out of the devil and the pulling down of his strongholds which have been established above towns, cities, and even entire countries. These strongholds are associated with so-called territorial demons. Specific societal sins are linked to these strongholds, e.g. non-Christian religions, witchcraft, ancestor worship or crime. It is believed that when these strongholds of evil have been pulled down through prayer and their powers have been broken, the spiritual blinding of people will cease and great Christian revivals will occur in which virtually all people in a specific area will repent and come to faith. The entire society will then experience a Christian transformation, resulting in the sudden vanishing of superstition and poverty. Prisons will ultimately become empty.

The fathers of the transformation movement are George Otis of the Sentinel Group in the USA, as well as Peter Wagner of the World Prayer Centre in Colorado Springs. A number of years ago, Peter Wagner took a prayer group to Turkey to pull down the strongholds of Islam, and subsequently he declared the country free from demonic influences. Since that time, the spiritual condition and grip of Islam upon Turkey has not changed at all – the expected revival and Christian transformation have never occurred. Similar actions were also conducted without success in South Africa and various other countries in the world. These people only raised false hopes.

As a first step they conduct spiritual mapping, in which the most common sins of a particular society are recorded. These sins are regarded as evil strongholds that should be pulled down in faith in order to liberate society of oppressive demonic influences.

Strategic spiritual warfare is one of various forms of dominionism. These people accept promises which relate to the revealed kingdom of Christ after His second coming (i.e. His thousand-year reign of peace) and then wrongly apply them to the church dispensation. Some of these promises are that the devil will be bound so that he can no longer deceive the nations (Rev. 20:2-3), sin, crime and warfare will cease (Jer. 3:17; Isa. 2:4), the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord (Isa. 11:9), entire cities and countries will serve the Lord (Zech. 8:20-21; Isa. 19:23-25), and Christians will rule with Jesus Christ as kings on earth (Rev. 5:9-10; 20:6).

Prominent church fathers such as Augustine and Calvin held the wrong view that the kingdom dispensation when the devil will be bound, will not dawn after the second coming of Jesus Christ, but applies to the period between His first and second coming, i.e. the church dispensation. According to them, the devil is bound at present and it is the intention of the Lord to take over the world and rule it through His church. We only need to be awakened to this vision and start expelling the devil form planet earth so that we can establish a Christian world. The Lord will raise up prophets and apostles to unite Christianity and demonstrate their supernatural power by performing great signs and miracles.

Because of their unbiblical views on spiritual warfare several of the leaders of this movement have become entangled in extreme charismatic thinking and practices. Their vision for revival is based upon a dramatic show of extra-biblical revelations and signs, and because of this they seek after experiences rather than true godliness. They also are outspokenly ecumenical as their final objective is to establish united city churches. Peter Wagner even refers to the post-denominational church of the 21st century, in which all denominations will converge. He also speaks of the “apostolic revival” in which apostles and prophets will rule over the united church. For the sake of unity, mass meetings should frequently be held in stadiums where Christians can join hands and forget about their theological differences. Even Roman Catholics are welcome at the meetings as nobody’s faith is questioned. The whole movement is built upon compromise, in favour of a vision that the united church of Christ should accept their position of authority in the world right now, and rule over it.

But the fact is that during this dispensation we are sojourners and pilgrims in a world which lies under the sway of the wicked one (1 John 5:19). We will not take charge of the world and rule over it during this dispensation, but instead we will be hated and persecuted by the world (John 15:19). Spiritual warfare has a personal application because the Lord delivers individuals from sin and temptations, and empowers them to remain standing in the battle against the enemy of their souls. They will not achieve control over the world, but shine as lights in the midst of a crooked and perverted generation (Phil. 2:15). We are not kings and rulers, but soldiers of the cross. While we increase in holiness the world will become more evil (Rev. 22:11).

16. Transformation meetings for a kingdom

The transformation movement is a coordinated effort by ecumenical-minded churches and Christian ministries to unite themselves, obtain influence in society, dismantle spiritual opposition, and promote kingdom conditions on earth. They make use of mass meetings to achieve their objective.

As explained above, strategic spiritual warfare is practised by these people to deliver entire countries, and ultimately the whole world, from evil powers. At the same time they proceed with their strategy to promote a world-wide revival – also by means of mass rallies, including the Global Day of Prayer. It is conspicuous that the emphasis in their meetings is not so much on personal holiness and a more intimate relationship with God, but predominantly on improved human relations. It seems as though they wish to establish unity at all cost, as all forms of inequality and other problems must be excluded from social life. Everybody should be happy, healthy, literate, and well cared for. Crime and all forms of strained relations should completely vanish.

Churches are united to achieve this purpose, but alliances are also forged with governments and the business sector to bring about a total transformation of society. These efforts tie up with Rick Warren’s Global Peace Plan. The most recent effort to achieve a major breakthrough in South Africa as well as the whole of Africa is done under the banner of Fire Trails. In this movement they have completely moved away from the Bible in the pursuance of new prophetic revelations. They now rely on extra-biblical prophecies by various self-imposed prophets and prophetesses (see www.firetrails.co.za).

It is claimed that when the purpose of the transformers has been achieved, the kingdom of God will descend upon earth, causing all societies and countries to live together peacefully and in harmony. Large-scale development will take place, everybody will be employed, warfare and crime will cease, and the prisons will become empty. It is due to expectations of this nature that the transformation movement does not at all accept or proclaim the biblical scenario for the end-time. According to the Bible, spiritual apostasy will be a worldwide phenomenon, as well as political instability, anarchy, wars and rumours of wars, famines, pestilences and natural disasters. This situation will gradually deteriorate and lead to the greatest tribulation in human history (Matt. 24:21).

Since the transformation movement does not expect a situation of this nature, they also do not believe in the rapture of true believers before the tribulation period. They absolutely reject the idea that an Antichrist and false prophet will appear on the scene to deceive and oppress the entire world. Neither do they believe that the devil will only at the second coming of Christ be deprived of his power-base on earth and bound in a pit – they want to do it now and through their own efforts, with the help of God, rid the world of all evil. Anything less than this is regarded by them as unbelief, a weak faith or a lack of vision.

In spite of intensive efforts these past fifteen years, the transformation movement has never achieved any success and there is no indication of any strongholds which have been pulled down by them. False religions, crime, drug abuse and poverty have even increased. But they continue with their efforts and only wait for the big breakthrough. Because they have completely lost touch with the biblical program for end-time events, transformation is a humanly driven process which is doomed to failure. Many members of the movement may have noble objectives of social upliftment with what they have in mind towards ensuring a better life for all, but they are prescribed on what to do by the kingdom agenda of their leaders – not by the Bible.

17. Not Christian nations now

United Christian nations who serve the Lord with one accord is not a promise for the church dispensation, and will only become a reality during Christ’s millennial reign. Christian idealists who try to realise such a situation on earth are completely out of touch with the prophetic word. They make three serious mistakes: Firstly, they practise replacement theology by substituting Israel for the church and then applying Israel’s Messianic promises to the church. Secondly, they mix biblical dispensations by transferring millennial promises meant for the time after the second coming of Christ, to the dispensation of the church. Thirdly, they offer historical interpretations (preterism) to end-time prophecies on natural disasters, apostatising and deception, by alleging that these things happened long ago. As far as they are concerned, the end of the church dispensation will not coincide with a dark time of divine judgements.

One of the promises to Israel which is sometimes applied to the church by kingdom theologians is the following: “Thus says the Lord of hosts: People shall yet come, inhabitants of many cities; the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, Let us continue to go and pray before the Lord, and seek the Lord of hosts. I myself will go also. Yes, many peoples and strong nations shall come to seek the Lord of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the Lord. Thus says the Lord of hosts: In those days ten men from every language of the nations shall grasp the sleeve of a Jewish man, saying, Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you” (Zech. 8:20-23).

Kingdom-minded people obviously do net read this prophecy in its correct context, as it is stated that the nations will go up to Jerusalem to seek the physical presence of the Lord there. They will also maintain good relations with the saved Israel, as Israel will be particularly blessed by the Lord (Zech. 8:23; Isa. 60:10-12). We are very far removed from this situation as Christ has not yet returned to Jerusalem to create conditions such as these. Such a state of affairs can obviously only prevail in the millennium, as the devil will then be bound and no longer able to fan the evil lusts of people (Rev. 20:1-3). Nations will only then be able to live in peace without waging any wars (Jer. 3:17; Isa. 2:1-4). During that time, only one religion will be practised on earth and that is the Christian religion: “The earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea” (Isa. 11:9; Zech. 13:2). All people will only serve the Triune God, and regularly worship the Lord Jesus in Jerusalem (Is. 2:3; Acts 15:16-17).

A situation of this nature cannot exist now or be realised in any way, since we live in the multireligious times of the Gentiles. In this dispensation most people reject the God of Israel, His Son as well as His Word: “The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord and against His Anointed [Christ], saying, Let us break their bonds in pieces and cast away their cords from us… Then He shall speak to them in His wrath, and distress them in His deep displeasure: Yet I have set my King on my holy hill of Zion… You shall break them with a rod of iron; You shall dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel” (Ps. 2:2-9). The Messiah will rule from Mount Zion in Jerusalem.

At the end of this dispensation Israel will be intensely hated by the nations, and for that reason the Lord will gather all nations against Jerusalem to enter into judgement with them there because they have rejected the people of Israel, the God of Israel, the Messiah of Israel and also the Word of God (Zech. 12:2-3; 14:2-3; Joel 3:1-2).

It is absolutely unthinkable how the people who try to establish a kingdom during the church dispensation can overlook these important facts on the end of the church age. The servants of the Lord are not described as nations during this time, but as a small minority group of disciples of Christ among all nations.

18. Not a big revival but widespread apostasy

The church dispensation does not end in a great revival from which a worldwide Christian kingdom will emerge, but in a time of great apostasy from which the Antichrist’s false world religion will emerge: “Let no one deceive you by any means; for that day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition, who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshipped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God” (2 Thess. 2:3-4).

During this time of great apostasy, many Christians will grow cold in their love and will be swept away by the strong current of deception and worldliness: “And because lawlessness will abound, the love of many will grow cold” (Matt. 24:12; Rev. 2:4-5). Many Christian churches will become so materialistic and complacent that they will not even realise that, spiritually speaking, they are wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked, and that the Lord Jesus has already withdrawn Himself from their midst (Rev. 3:16-17).

People will be full of themselves and their own wisdom, live reckless and presumptuous lives, but still maintain to be Christians (2 Tim. 3:1-5). But they will not endure the sound doctrine of the Bible, and reject and even persecute evangelical Christians who proclaim these truths (2 Tim. 4:2-5). Nevertheless, these nominal believers are strongly inclined to protecting their vested earthly interests, and they are now trying to establish a mighty Christian empire to serve this selfish purpose. Their spiritual standards are so low that anyone is welcome to join.

When will the eyes of these deceived and apostate people be opened? According to the Bible, small numbers of them will be plucked like brands from the fire, but the big majority will only wake up when they remained behind after the rapture and soon afterwards discover that the Antichrist has gained extensive political, religious and economic control over the world. They will then see how evil the global government really is, which they helped to establish through their compromise and unitary initiatives.

At that stage, and also right through the tribulation, people will be tested and sifted (cf. Luke 22:31). The majority of them will accept, follow and worship the Antichrist (Rev. 13:3-4), but there will also be a large group who will reject him and accept Jesus as Saviour and Messiah. In Israel, 144 000 special witnesses for the true Messiah will be saved early in the tribulation period (Rev. 7:1-8), and afterwards, during the seven years, millions of people from all nations and peoples will be saved (Rev. 7:9-17).

It is not now the time to pursue a manmade revival by joining hands with millions of wayward believers, thereby disregarding doctrinal differences and lowering spiritual standards with a view to mobilising large numbers of people for a kingdom. It is now the time to ensure that you are not deceived (Matt. 24:4-5), to watch and pray to be worthy for the coming of the heavenly Bridegroom (Luke 21:36), and to go out into the highways and hedges to bring in those who are still outside (Luke 14:23).

19. End-time preaching is the key

Preaching on the second coming, particularly also with a view to the future revelation of Christ’s kingdom, should be a high priority. In fact, it should be an important characteristic of every evangelical congregation. We all want the kingdom of Christ to be established on earth so that the sin and unrighteousness of the present dispensation can cease. But that will not happen before the coming of the Lord Jesus as King of kings; consequently, ecumenical-minded believers will do well to abandon their efforts to found this kingdom before the coming of Christ. Such efforts will only benefit the false Christ as they are in support of his alternate kingdom by creating a positive frame of mind for its acceptance by way of emphasising the advantages of globalism and religious unity.

When we proclaim the second coming it instils in us a desire that the Lord will save us from the deteriorating world. We should not have any illusions on the great falling away of spiritual and moral standards in the end-time. It already happens and the situation is getting worse. It is only logical that a person such as the Antichrist will soon gain control over the world. According to the Bible it is also logical to expect that the period of his rule will coincide with divine judgements. Furthermore, also in terms of the Bible, it makes a lot of sense to expect that the Lord will remove true believers to a place of safety before the time of judgement, as He also did during the times of Noah and Lot.

This removal from the disaster area of divine judgements is the blessed hope of all true Christians (Tit. 2:13). Preachers who do not proclaim this hope are failing to offer a positive future expectation to members of their churches. Neither do they promote a commitment to holiness in the lives of believers, as uninformed people have no idea of the preparations that are needed to appear before the heavenly Bridegroom in a worthy and holy manner. But if this hope is instilled in them it will have the desired effect as he who entertains the hope on the return of Christ “purifies himself just as He is pure” (1 John 3:3).

20. Israel and Jerusalem in God’s kingdom

One of the strongest proofs that we are not living in the period of God’s revealed kingdom on earth now is the fact that we are still in the times of the Gentiles. In the Old Testament, Israel was God’s chosen people with whom He concluded an everlasting covenant (Gen. 13:14-15; 26:3; 28:13). Israel was God’s representative on earth, and this relationship did not only have religious implications but also political implications with regard to a kingdom, a capital and a territory. Jerusalem played a key role and was called by God: “The city which I have chosen for Myself, to put My name there” (1 Kings 11:36). God’s name is attached to Jerusalem, and this is the reason why this city never vanishes from the prophetic future of Israel.

When the people of Israel were faithful to God, they were invincible and untouchable to the Gentiles. God was known in the world to the degree to which He revealed Himself in and through Israel. Even the reckoning of time was done according to the Jewish calendar and the terms of office of Israel’s kings.

Because of Israel’s spiritual apostasy they were mostly poor witnesses to the Lord and had a shaky kingdom. During the longest period of their stay in the land, Israel forfeited the blessing, presence and protection of the Lord. Because of their own actions they were cursed rather than blessed by the Lord (Deut. 11:13-32; 28:1-68). Their waywardness eventually led to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Babylonian exile of Judah and Benjamin (the northern ten tribes of Israel were by then already in exile). Jerusalem was destroyed in 586 B.C. when Judea became a province of Babel (2 Kings 25:1-21).

Israel’s kingdom, which was the physical manifestation of God’s kingdom on earth, was terminated for a long time. It was followed by the times of the Gentiles, in which the further course of history was described in terms of the periods of rule of heathen kings. The restoration of Israel after the Babylonian exile was only partial and for many centuries Jerusalem was no longer the capital of an independent and free Jewish nation – until 1980! After the Babylonian control they were subject to the Medo-Persian, Greek, and Roman Empires. The temple again became dilapidated and fell into disuse, so God stopped sending prophets to Israel. After Malachi, for more than 400 years, there was no prophet of the Lord in Israel until John the Baptist, who lived during the time of the Messiah, Jesus.

Israel did not only reject the prophets of God, but also their Messiah-King, Jesus, and in so doing they delayed the restoration of their kingdom for a very long time. Jesus said to them: “You shall see Me no more till you say, Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!” (Matt. 23:37-39). In the meantime, Jerusalem would be destroyed, partially rebuilt and mainly occupied by Gentiles: “And Jerusalem would be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled” (Luke 21:24).

It is an indisputable biblical fact that Israel and Jerusalem must first be fully restored (physically, politically and spiritually) before we will see a revelation of God’s kingdom on earth. God attached His name to Jerusalem forever. The future glory of Israel will be unsurpassed as they will be a truly Messianic state under the direct control of the Messiah.

It is not surprising that the Lord Jesus who paid the ransom for our sin in Jerusalem and founded the early church under the guidance of the Holy Spirit in this city, will specifically return to Jerusalem at His second coming to fully restore Israel and then rule the world from the throne of David in Jerusalem (Zech. 14:4-5; Acts 15:16-17). These crystal-clear facts should be observed by all who have a high regard for the fulfilment of biblical prophecies.

When the King of kings has come, He will first fully restore Israel to Himself spiritually (Zech. 12:10–13:1; Ezek. 36:24-28) and then restore the fallen throne of David in Jerusalem (Jer. 3:17; 31:38). Jerusalem will no longer be trampled by Gentiles, but the Gentiles will go up to Jerusalem to honour the Lord and to be instructed by Him (Isa. 2:2-4). They will annually send a deputation to Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles there, which will be the major Messianic feast of His kingdom (Zech. 14:16). Jerusalem will be “the city of the great King” on Mount Zion (Ps. 48:2).

Israel will achieve their purpose as God’s people, and because of that they will be highly regarded by the nations of the world (Zech. 8:23). International support will spontaneously be rendered for the rebuilding of Jerusalem after the tribulation period (Isa. 60:10-15). Israel will be a spiritual blessing to the whole world and all nations will seek their favour (Rom. 11:11-12). Israel will evangelise the world during this future Messianic age which will follow after the church dispensation and the coming of the Messiah (Isa. 27:6).

The church of Christ exists during the times of the Gentiles when Jerusalem is trampled and everyone follows his own way. The darkened hearts of the majority of people allows Satan a firm grip upon the world. That is the reason why the church has to fulfil its mission in a hostile world, and has never been called upon to establish a kingdom which the Lord will only reveal after His second coming and the full restoration of Israel. How can the church fail to discern this important fact? Can their ignorance be ascribed to the effect of replacement theology, in terms of which the church regard themselves as Israel and Rome as Jerusalem?

Israel and Jerusalem are presently in a process of restoration, but not yet in a final stage. From God’s point of view Israel will only be fully restored when the Messiah has come and the whole Israel is saved: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob” (Rom. 11:26). The present physical and political restoration of Israel is an indication that the times of the Gentiles are running out.

When the rapture occurs, the church dispensation will expire and the 70th year-week of Israel will take effect (1 Thess. 4:16-17; Dan. 9:26-27). These seven years will be a transitional period in which Israel’s calendar will again become active, although the Gentile calendar will still be observed. But when Israel and Jerusalem will have been fully restored at the coming of the Messiah, a completely new dispensation will dawn in God’s plan for humanity – that will be the dispensation of God’s manifested kingdom on earth.


During the church dispensation we are, spiritually speaking, living in a dark and hostile world. The Lord Jesus sends us out as sheep in the midst of wolves (Matt. 10:16), and because of that we should definitely expect opposition and rejection. We should have an unshakeable faith in the saving grace of the Lord Jesus, but not unrealistic expectations that great numbers of people will react positively to the gospel message. The parable of the sower indicates that only a part of the seed will fall on good soil (Matt. 13:3-23). The hearts of many people have become dull: they hear but do not really understand what they hear (Matt. 13:14-15; 2 Cor. 4:4). Many of them will seek to enter through the narrow gate, but few will succeed (Luke 13:24).

We should also realise that our commission of evangelisation will not lead to the revelation of a Christian kingdom during this dispensation, since the judgements of God upon the unbelievers will occur at the end of the church age. The Lord Jesus also said: “I must work the works of Him who sent Me while it is day; the night is coming when no one can work” (John 9:4). In the night of God’s judgements the time of grace for many sinners will be over. They will then be held accountable for their rebellion.

We should not expect that the proclaiming of the gospel in this dispensation will give rise to a Christian kingdom on earth. The gospel will rather lead to a more pronounced division between light and darkness, as well as animosity from nominal believers towards evangelical Christians who fearlessly proclaim the principles of the kingdom of light – a kingdom which is not of this world. That is the reason why the Lord Jesus said: “Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword” (Matt. 10:34). A Christian witness even causes divisions within families (Matt. 10:35) – and all the more so in the wider society. Simeon said about Jesus: “Behold, this Child is destined for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign which will be spoken against” (Luke 2:34).

The Name of the Lord Jesus has indeed caused great divisions in the world! Not only the atheists, agnostics, and followers of the non-Christian religions have taken the field against Him, but also apostate Christian theologians who refuse to accept His virgin birth, deity, the significance of His crucifixion, as well as the reality of His resurrection, ascension and future return to the earth. What does Christ say about these reactions: “Blessed is he who is not offended because of Me” (Luke 7:23).

The disagreements because of Jesus, as well as the campaign of hatred against Him, will continue until He comes to snatch away His bridal congregation, but shortly afterwards it will flare up to even higher heights. During the reign of the Antichrist there will initially be a large degree of religious unity on earth because the true Christians will be away. “All the world” will follow the Antichrist in amazement and worship him as their common “Christ” and “Saviour” (Rev. 13:3-4,8). But when large numbers of people will again be saved by accepting the true Christ as their Saviour (Rev. 7:1-17), profound hostility will set in and believers of that time will be executed in great numbers for refusing to worship the Antichrist (Rev. 6:9-11).

When Christ returns with His saints, it will be the end of the evil control by the kingdom of darkness on earth (Rev. 19:19–20:3). The kingdom of heaven will be revealed in an illustrious way and the names of all the idols will be cut off (Zech. 13:2). Only then will “the earth [be] full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea” (Isa. 11:9). All people will serve the Lord, but particularly the saved remnant of Israel: “No more shall every man teach his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord, for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more” (Jer. 31:34).

What a wonderful future to look forward to! We have all reason to remain steadfast and immovable in the service of the Lord, even though we have to enter into His kingdom through many tribulations. We should stand firm in the Lord, persevere until He comes for us, and be resolute not to make any compromise with the end-time spirit of apostasy. We should punctually execute the commands of the Lord if we wish to be found good and faithful servants, who also have boldness to give account of their lives before the judgement seat of Christ. Only then will He make us rulers over many things (Matt. 25:23).

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A Facebook Friend shared this video of Eddie Long being crowned a “king” on 01/29/12.

Summary: In a recent service on January 29th, 2012 Eddie Long, who is Bishop at New Birth Missionary Baptist Church, invited Ralph Messer who claims to be a rabbi bringing Torah truth to Christians. This rabbi then proceeds to pronounce Eddie Long as [a] King in “God’s government”, lifting him up in his chair/throne and carrying him around the stage.

Click here for a newspaper blog about Long’s “crowning.” This blogger seems to view the incident as Jewish oriented. But what was Eddie Long’s “crowning” really all about? Was it a “Messianic Jewish” ceremony, or something else?

This article describes Eddie Long’s apology to the Jewish community after this incident.  Here are some excerpts:

Bishop Eddie Long has apologized to the Anti-Defamation League over an incident in which he was wrapped in a Torah scroll and crowned “king”…

“The ceremony was not my suggestion, nor was it my intent, to participate in any ritual that is offensive in any manner to the Jewish community, or any group. Furthermore, I sincerely denounce any action that depicts me as a King, for I am merely just a servant of the Lord,” Long wrote in a letter… [emphasis mine; I am trying to locate the entire letter]

Interesting. Long says, “I sincerely denounce any action that depicts me as a King.” Yet in the video above I don’t see any sign of him trying to stop the “crowning” ceremony at any point. This, in spite of the fact that he is the pastor of the church, and a rather authoritative pastor at that. The fact remains – Long does teach a “king” heresy. Long is being two-faced in my opinion. He says in his apology that “I am merely just a servant of the Lord,” yet in reality he follows the Word of Faith teaching that he and all “Apostolic” Christians are “little gods” meant to “rule and reign” as kings.

Check out the following reader comment, from this forum:

When a king gives an order, he knows that it will be carried out. He doesn’t have to repeat himself over and over again. I just read that in [Kenneth] Hagin’s book The Believer’s Authority. This is totally shaking up my way of thinking about stuff. I have to remind myself that it is my privilege and duty as a member of the Body of Christ to RULE and REIGN as a priest-king, as Jesus did, in the order of Melchizedek. [emphasis mine]

The way I see it, the New Birth Missionary Baptist Church did not crown Long as THE king exalting himself as God, but as one of many Word of Faith “little gods”, one of many Apostolic “kings” who will rule and reign in the coming “reign of God” taught by the Kingdom Now movement.

Here’s a 2011 expose by LetUsReason.org of Eddie Long and the “king” heresy.  The expose explains Long’s ties with the Pentecostal “Word of Faith” (WOF) movement.

And this article explains many of the heresies in the the WOF movement, including the “little gods” teaching. The article provides “little god” quotes from Copeland, Hagin, Hinn, etc. under the section dealing with WOF teachings on “Man.”  The expose lists Eddie Long as well as many other WOF heretics.

It seems this all ties in with the dominionist Emergent/New Apostolic Reformation “Kingdom Now” heresy – that we are soon entering a Utopian millenial period (1,000 years?) under the “reign of God” before Christ physically returns. According to WOF teachings all Christians can view themselves as “little gods.” But Eddie Long and other “Apostolic” leaders seem to fancy themselves as the “little gods” who will “rule and reign” during the Millenium. This expose mentions Eddie Long, C. Peter Wagner, dominionism, the NAR, etc.

I was under the impression the merger of the WOF movement and Kingdom Now theology was brought about by C. Peter Wagner. I learned that Earl Paulk was the first major player in this merger – not Wagner.  Following is an excerpt from David Cloud’s memo about the WOF/Kingdom Now merger (scroll about half way down the page for Bro. Cloud’s entire memo.). I have emphasized certain points by bolding, and inserted comments in [brackets]:

“The Cathedral at Chapel Hill near Atlanta, Georgia, founded by EARL PAULK, has been plagued with moral scandals and radical false teaching… Paulk amalgamated the Word-Faith doctrine with Reconstructionist or Dominion theology and promoted it widely among Pentecostals. As for the Word-Faith doctrine, Paulk echoes Kenneth Hagin and Kenneth Copeland and others when he wrote: “Just as dogs have puppies and cats have kittens, God has little gods. Until we comprehend that we are gods, and begin to act like little gods, we can’t manifest the Kingdom of God” (Paulk, Satan Unmasked, pp. 96, 97). Paulk merges this Kingdom Now Word-Faith theology (that Christians are little gods with the authority of Christ on earth) with the dominion doctrine [that] the churches are to unify and then retake the world from Satan and rule over it before Christ returns. He gives this teaching in books such as Satan Unmasked (1984), Held in the Heavens Until (1985), and Ultimate Kingdom (1986). Paulk wrote in his book The Wounded Body of Christ [1983], “We need not wonder whether He [Jesus] will come back; HE CANNOT. Christ can only return when the people of God have reached that place of unity in which the Spirit and the Bride can say, ‘Come’” (p. 73)…


Ralph Messer

Ralph Messer, the “Rabbi” Who Crowned Eddie Long, Isn’t Jewish

Paula White Wrapped in a Torah Scroll?

Rabbi Ralph Messer joins us at Pentecost

Earl Paulk

Amazon listing of Earl Paulk’s books

An article about Donnie Earl Paulk, Earl Paulk’s nephew. Note the interfaith symbol which is said to appear on Dennie’s blogsite.

Dominion Theology

Dominion Theology – describes two “wings” of Dominionism: Christian Reconstructionism and Kingdom Now

Is Reconstructionism Merging with “Kingdom Now?” – elsewhere on my blogsite, I have discussed the merging between Emergents and Dominionism; this article discusses the merging of the two wings of Dominionism

Kingdom Now/Dominion/Restoration theology (12/19/2005)

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